The ECDC founding regulations specify the mandate of ECDC regarding risk identification and risk assessment and states that the Centre shall identify, assess and communicate current and emerging threats to human health from communicable diseases. To fulfil this mandate, ECDC has established procedures and routines for threat detection carried out by a dedicated epidemic intelligence team.
The objective of epidemic intelligence (EI) is to rapidly detect and assess public health events of any origin to ensure health security at EU level, in close cooperation with EU Member States and other partners. EI can be described as the systematic collection and collation of information from a variety of sources, which is then validated and analysed. The aim is to ensure a timely response, based on an adequate risk assessment with recommendations on appropriate public health measures.
Upon request, ECDC can provide support to strengthen epidemic intelligence capacities within the Member States and beyond.