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Emerging and Vector-borne Diseases Programme

Vector-borne diseases rely upon organisms, named vectors, such as mosquitoes, ticks or sandflies that have an active role in the transmission of a pathogen from one host to the other. An emerging (or re-emerging) infectious disease is a disease that arises through evolution or change in existing pathogens, was previously unrecognised is already known but spreads to new geographic areas, new populations or reappears after having been eradicated.

The Emerging and Vector-borne Diseases Programme contributes to the EU-wide preparedness and response capabilities. It provides Member States with access to expertise, topical assessments of disease risks and decision support tools with the latest scientific knowledge.

The programme supports three networks, gathering expertise from institutes, universities, research projects and public health institutions across the EU: Network for diagnostics of "imported" viral diseases / Collaborative laboratory response network (ENIVD/CLRN), Network of travel and tropical medicine specialists (EuroTravNet), Network of medical entomologists and public health experts (VBORNET).

Read more about the programme











In 2012 ECDC produced guidelines to assist the Member States to implement invasive mosquito vector surveillance and improve coverage and harmonisation of data collection within the EU.  
Technical report 'Guidelines for the surveillance of invasive mosquitoes in Europe'   
Read more about the mosquito guidelines 



Vector questionnaire tool: Collecting data on disease vectors in Europe
ECDC collects information on the distribution and surveillance of vector species with the help of experts throughout Europe. The data are compiled to produce comprehensive online maps, providing the ECDC stakeholders and general public with most up-to-date information on vector distribution. The collected information can also support relevant ECDC risk assessments on the diseases that these vectors can be associated with.
To improve the quality and representation of data, streamline the collection of information and reach out to more external experts, ECDC, through the VBORNET network, developed the vector questionnaire tool allowing external experts to insert directly their data in an online database. Experts that wish to contribute can register and submit data at various administrative scales (NUTS 1-2-3), they can also request access to other vector information in the database.
ECDC encourages vector-borne disease experts who are interested in data sharing and networking to submit data through the new tool.


© European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) 2005 - 2014