EuroHIV coordinated the surveillance of AIDS and later also HIV infection in the 53 countries of the WHO European Region between 1984 and 2007, through funding by the European Commission (DG SANCO) and the Institut de Veille Sanitaire in France. The last contract expired on December 31st 2007, and the surveillance is since January 2008 jointly coordinated by the European Centre for Disease Prevention (ECDC) and the WHO Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe).
The first report on the surveillance of AIDS in Europe, issued in April 1984 by the forerunner of EuroHIV – the WHO Collaborating Centre on AIDS – presented information on AIDS cases reported in 11 countries. The number of countries increased progressively in subsequent years to reach 53 in 2006 and a wide range of topics have been covered including the estimation of AIDS under-reporting, mortality data, analysis of reporting delays, European AIDS surveillance case definition, estimates of HIV cumulative incidence and prevalence, HIV testing and HIV prevalence in specific populations. Results from studies included in the European HIV Prevalence Database have been presented regularly since 1991. The European HIV case reporting system was set up in 1999 with most countries participating.
The EuroHIV mission was to understand, improve and share European HIV/AIDS surveillance data in order to better inform disease prevention, control and care. Its objectives included making international comparisons, assessing trends, characterising affected populations and predicting disease burden and evaluating surveillance methods.
HIV/AIDS surveillance reports
Selected scientific publications from EuroHIV
Likatavicius G, Klavs I, Devaux I, Alix J, Nardone A. An increase in newly diagnosed HIV cases reported among men who have sex with men in Europe, 2000-6: implications for a European public health strategy. Sex Transm Infect. 2008 Nov;84(6):499-505.
Nardone A, Alix J. L’infection à VIH à travers l’Europe. Bull Epidemiol Hebd 2007; N° 46-47: 398-400
Herida M, Alix J, Devaux I, Likatavicius G, Desenclos JC, Matic S, Ammon A, Nardone A. HIV/AIDS in Europe: epidemiological situation in 2006 and a new framework for surveillance. Euro Surveill 2007;12 (11): E071122.1
Likatavicius G, Hamers FF, Downs AM, Alix J, Nardone A. Trends in HIV prevalence in blood donations in Europe, 1990-2004. AIDS 2007, 21 :1011-1018.
Hamers FF, Devaux I, Alix J, Nardone A. HIV/AIDS in Europe: trends and EU-wide priorities. Euro Surveill 2006; 11 (11): 061123
Wiessing L, Nardone A. Ongoing HIV and viral hepatitis infections in IDUs across the EU, 2001-2005. Euro Surveill 2006; 11 (11): 061123
Nardone A. Transmission of HIV/AIDS in Europe continuing. Euro Surveill 2005; 10 (11): 051124
Hamers FF, Downs AM. The changing face of the HIV epidemic in western Europe: What are the implications for public health policies? Lancet 2004;364: 83-94.
Del Amo, J, Bröring G, Hamers F, Infuso A, Fenton K. Monitoring HIV/AIDS in Europe’s migrant communities and ethnic minorities. AIDS 2004;18:1867–1873.
Ebrahim SH, Abdullah ASM, McKenna M, Hamers FF. AIDS-associated cancers in Western Europe, 1994-2001. AIDS patient care & STDs 2004;18:501-508.
Del Amo J, Hamers FF, Infuso A, Bröring G, Fenton K. HIV/AIDS in Migrants and Ethnic minorities in Europe. In: Erwin J, Peters B, Smith D, H Myers. Ethnicity and HIV: prevention and care in Europe and the USA. London: International Medical Press Ltd, 2003:46-60.
Hamers FF, Downs AM. HIV in central and eastern Europe.Lancet 2003; 361: 1035-44. Published online Feb 18, 2003.
Hamers FF, Infuso A, Alix J, Downs AM. Current situation and regional perspective of HIV/AIDS surveillance in Europe. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 2003;32 Suppl:S39-48.
Semaille C, Downs AM, Hamers FF. European HIV/AIDS case reporting: assessing past treatment history in persons who develop AIDS in the era of HAART. AIDS 2003;17(2):270-2.
Semaille C, Alix J, Downs AM, Hamers FF HIV infection in Europe: large East-West disparity. Euro Surveill 2003; 8 (3):57-64.
Nicoll A, Hamers FF. Are trends in HIV, gonorrhoea, and syphilis worsening in western Europe? British Medical Journal, 2002;324:1324-1327.
Semaille C, Downs AM, Alix J, Hamers FF. L'infection à VIH et le Sida en Europe: une importante disparité d'Ouest en Est. Bulletin Epidémiologique Hebdomadaire 2002;47:237-9.
Hamers FF, Alix J, Semaille C, Pilkington H, Downs AM. Surveillance of HIV/AIDS in Europe: update at end 2000. Eurosurveillance, 2001; 6: (5): 84-85.
Le Pen C, Rozenbaum W, Downs AM, Maurel F, Lilliu H, Brun C. Effect of HAART on health status and hospital costs of severe HIV-infected patients: a modelling approach. HIV Clinical Trials, 2001; 2: (2): 136-145.
Fenton K, Giesecke J, Hamers FF. Europe-wide surveillance for sexually transmitted infections: a timely and appropriate intervention. Eurosurveillance, 2001; 6 (5): 69-70.
Downs AM, Heisterkamp SH, Rava L, Houweling H, Jager JC, Hamers FF, for the European Union Concerted Action on Multinational AIDS Scenarios. Back-calculation by birth cohort, incorporating age-specific disease progression, pre-AIDS mortality and change in European AIDS case definition. AIDS, 2000; 14:2179-2189.
Hamers FF, Robinson NJ. An assessment of the spread of HIV infection in Poland and Ukraine. Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, 2000; 48:1S2.
Hamers FF. HIV infection in Ukraine (1987-96). Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, 2000; 48:1S3-1S15.
Robinson NJ. HIV infection in Poland (1985-96). Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, 2000; 48:1S17-1S31.
Infuso A, Hamers FF, Downs AM, Alix J. HIV reporting in western Europe: national systems and first European data. Eurosurveillance, 2000; 5 (2): 13-17.