The ECDC FWD Programme covers the following diseases:
anthrax, botulism, brucellosis, campylobacteriosis, cholera, cryptosporidiosis, echinococcosis, giardiasis, hepatitis A, legionellosis, leptospirosis, listeriosis, norovirus infection, salmonellosis, shigellosis, toxoplasmosis, trichinellosis, typhoid and paratyphoid fever, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Shiga toxin/verocytotoxin -producing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC) infection, and yersiniosis.
The programme fosters collaboration between public health and food safety/veterinary authorities and addresses capacity and capability building in public health microbiology. The activities entail appropriate communication channels between, and to all, stakeholders and collaboration partners both in and outside Europe.
Objectives of the ECDC FWD Disease Programme
- Improving coordination, methods and capacities for surveillance of food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses through the three disease specific networks, FWD-Net, The European Legionnaires’ disease Surveillance Network (ELDSNet) and The European Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Surveillance Network (EuroCJD)
- Strengthening epidemiological and public health microbiology capacity in the EU/EEA countries through External Quality Assessment schemes (EQAs), molecular typing support and Food- and Waterborne Diseases expert exchange programme (FWDEEP)
- Improving early detection and coordinated multidisciplinary response to FWD outbreaks with an EU/EEA dimension
- Providing scientific advice and public health risk assessments on food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses
- Strengthen the (inter)national collaboration between public health, food and veterinary sectors to support prevention and control of (inter)national FWD outbreaks.
ECDC FWD Disease Programme works in close collaboration with public health institutes in EU/EEA countries, the European Commission, European Food Safety Agency (EFSA), PulseNet International partners (e.g. US CDC, Public Health Canada), WHO and the European Union Reference Laboratories (EURLs) for Listeria monocytogenes, VTEC, Campylobacter and Salmonella.
ECDC and EFSA have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to enhance cooperation between organisations.
ECDC, EFSA and the European Union Reference Laboratories (EURL) have signed a collaboration agreement on the management of data on molecular testing of food, feed and animal isolates of selected foodborne pathogens and their use together with molecular typing data on isolates from human infections for public health purposes.
Overview of Disease Networks
The ECDC FWD Disease Programme supports three disease specific networks and various expert groups, gathering expertise from institutes, universities, research projects and public health institutions across the EU/EEA. In doing so, the programme aims to improve and strengthen the surveillance of and response to multi-country outbreaks of food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses at a European level.
The ECDC Disease Networks
have been established according to the designated Coordinating Competent Body
(CCB) policy by nominating disease or disease group specific experts as main contact points in each Member State. Interactions between ECDC and the CCBs work at three levels based on a chain of delegations. Each Member State decides to which level it will delegate the interactions. The exact rules of the CCB system are outlined in a CCB implementation document
with Terms of Reference for the various actors as annexes.
- Food- and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network (FWD-Net)
The Food- and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network (FWD-Net) is built on the supranational surveillance of salmonellosis and STEC/VTEC infection performed by the dedicated surveillance network Enter-net, which was evaluated and transferred under coordination of ECDC in 2007. The FWD-Net carries out European surveillance on the following food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses: anthrax, botulism, brucellosis, campylobacteriosis, cholera, cryptosporidiosis, echinococcosis, giardiasis, hepatitis A, leptospirosis, listeriosis, non-typhoidal salmonellosis, shigellosis, STEC/VTEC infection, congenital toxoplasmosis, trichinellosis, typhoid and paratyphoid fever, and yersiniosis. The network activities cover also any other emerging food- and waterborne disease not listed above.
All EU Member States, plus Iceland and Norway, participate in the network. The members of the network are epidemiologists and microbiologists nominated by the national public health authorities.
The European Legionnaires’ Disease Surveillance Network (ELDSNet) carries out European surveillance
of Legionnaires' disease in Europe and is coordinated by ECDC. The members of the network are epidemiologists and microbiologists nominated by the national public health authorities
The European Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Surveillance (EuroCJD) conducts epidemiological surveillance for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
. The surveillance of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) has been monitored closely at EU level since 2000 due to the association with Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). The network is now comprised of nominated experts throughout the EU who provide surveillance and information on all aspects of vCJD. The network co-ordination is outsourced to the National CJD Research & Surveillance Unit
based in Edinburgh and is funded by ECDC.
The ECDC FWD Disease Programme and network coordinators for the Food- and Waterborne Disease and Zoonoses network and the European Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Network (EuroCJD) can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org
The network co-ordinators for the European Legionnaires’ Disease Surveillance Network (ELDSNet) can be contacted at email@example.com
171 65 Solna
Postal address: (for all official deliveries)
Granits väg 8
171 65 Solna
If you would like to see archived reports (prior to 2005) please contact ECDC at firstname.lastname@example.org