Measles is an acute illness caused by morbillivirus. The disease is transmitted via airborne respiratory droplets, or by direct contact with nasal and throat secretions of infected individuals.
The main symptoms are fever, rash, cough, running nose and eye infection, appearing after an incubation period of 10 to 12 days. Complications are possible, including pulmonary infection, brain infection and secondary bacterial infections. Only the latter require treatment, by the use of antibiotics.
The disease is preventable by a vaccine providing lifelong immunity to most recipients.
Historical network: EUVAC-Net
EUVAC.NET was a European surveillance network for selected vaccine-preventable diseases hosted at the Staten Serum Institute (SSI), Denmark. It incorporated all countries which were EU Member States up to 2011, as well as Croatia, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey. The network was created in 1999 in line with the European Parliament and Council Decision No. 2119/98/EC which formed the basis of creating networks for the epidemiological surveillance and control of communicable diseases in the European Community.Read more