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Surveillance data

Main developments

This page was updated on 6 July 2016

 Get the latest surveillance data on measles from EU and EEA countries through the Surveillance Atlas of Infectious Diseases. 

  • ​Between 1 June 2015 and 31 May 2016, 30 EU/EEA Member States reported 1 800 cases of measles. Twenty-six Member States reported consistently throughout the 12-month period. During the last month, delays in reporting were observed for Croatia, Iceland, Lithuania and Spain.   
  • Italy reported 515 cases, accounting for 28% of the EU/EEA cases in the 12-month period. Most of the Italian cases (365) were reported from January to May 2016. Other countries with a high number of cases were Germany (362), Romania (243) and the United Kingdom (212). More than half of the cases in the EU/EEA (58%) were reported during the first five months of 2016. 
  • Several countries, most notably Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Romania and the United Kingdom reported an increase in the number of cases since  the start of the year, a development that is compatible with measles seasonality, which in temperate climates peaks in late winter/early spring.
  • In 17 Member States, the measles notification rate was less than the elimination target of one case per million population during the last 12 months. Nine of these Member States reported zero cases. The highest notification rates were observed in Lithuania (17.8) and Romania (12.2). 
  • The diagnosis of measles was confirmed by positive laboratory results (serology, virus detection or isolation) in 74% of all cases.
  • Of all cases with known age (n=1 783), 527 (30%) were children less than 5 years of age, while 747 (42%) were aged 20 years or over. 
  • Of the cases with known age, 75% were unvaccinated, 9% were vaccinated with one dose, 3% were vaccinated with two or more doses, 1% were vaccinated with an unknown number of doses and 12% had an unknown vaccination status. 
  • The proportion of cases with unknown vaccination status was highest in adults aged 30 years and over, reaching 22% in this age group. The proportion of unvaccinated cases was highest among children below one year of age. This is expected as these children are too young to have received the first dose of measles vaccine. Infants are particularly vulnerable to complications of measles and are best protected by herd immunity, something that is achieved when population coverage for the second dose of a measles containing vaccine is more than 95%.
  • In the target group for routine childhood MMR vaccination (1-4 year-olds), 75% of the cases were unvaccinated, 15% were vaccinated with one dose, 2% with two doses or more, 1% with an unknown number of doses and 6% had an unknown vaccination status.
  • One case was complicated by acute measles encephalitis. 
  • Reports of measles outbreaks in Ireland and Germany were detected by epidemic intelligence. Measles outbreaks outside EU/EEA Member States are also ongoing in The Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, New Zealand, Russia and the United States. See the latest CDTR​.
 

 This section

 

Monitoring reports
These reports are based on enhanced surveillance from ECDC, national websites, the Early Warning and Response System (EWRS), validated media reports, and communication for national authorities.

Measles maps
Maps of measles cases on a monthly basis,reported by EU/EEA countries to ECDC via The European Surveillance System (TESSy).

Archive: EUVAC.net reports
Surveillance reports of selected vaccine-preventable diseases published by EUVAC.Net from 1999 to 2011.

 

 Measles and rubella monitoring reports

 
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