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Surveillance data

Main developments

This page was updated on 11 October 2016

 Get the latest surveillance data on measles from EU and EEA countries through the Surveillance Atlas of Infectious Diseases. 

  • Between 1 September 2015 and 31 August 2016, 30 EU/EEA Member States reported 2 266 cases of measles. Twenty-eight Member States reported consistently throughout the 12-month period. Two countries did not report data for the full period: Germany (August 2016) and Iceland (July and August 2016).  
  • Italy reported 647 cases, accounting for 29% of the EU/EEA cases in the 12-month period. The majority of the Italian cases (468) were reported from January to June 2016. Other countries with a high number of cases were Romania (554), the United Kingdom (475), Germany (241). Seventy-eight percent of the cases in the EU/EEA during this period were reported between March and August 2016.
  • Measles is targeted for elimination in Europe. The measles notification rate was below the elimination target (one case per million population) in 19 of the 30 reporting countries. Nine of these Member States reported zero cases. The highest notification rates were observed in Romania (27.9), Ireland (10.6) and Italy (10.6).
  • The diagnosis of measles was confirmed by positive laboratory results (serology, virus detection or isolation) in 75% of all cases.
  • Of all cases with known age (n=2 266), 826 (36%) were children less than 5 years of age, while 760 (34%) were aged 20 years or over.
  • Of the cases with known age, 81% were unvaccinated, 7% were vaccinated with one dose, 4% were vaccinated with two or more doses, 1% were vaccinated with an unknown number of doses and 8% had an unknown vaccination status.
  • The proportion of cases with unknown vaccination status was highest in adults aged 30 years and over, reaching 15% in this age group. The proportion of unvaccinated cases was highest among children below one year of age (97%). This is expected as these children are too young to have received the first dose of measles vaccine. Infants are particularly vulnerable to complications of measles and are best protected by herd immunity which is achieved when population coverage for the second dose of a measles-containing vaccine is at least 95%.
  • In the target group for routine childhood MMR vaccination (1-4 year-olds), 82% of the cases were unvaccinated, 10% were vaccinated with one dose, 1% with two doses or more, 2% with an unknown number of doses and 4% had an unknown vaccination status.
  • Three deaths due to measles were reported during the 12-month period, two in Romania, one in the United KingdomAll were in children under 12 months of age and thus not eligible for vaccination according to their national schedule.
  • Since the beginning of September, measles outbreaks were detected in the Denmark, Romania and the United Kingdom. Outside of EU outbreaks were detected in Australia, Belarus and Japan. See the latest CDTR.​
 

 This section

 

Monitoring reports
These reports are based on enhanced surveillance from ECDC, national websites, the Early Warning and Response System (EWRS), validated media reports, and communication for national authorities.

Measles maps
Maps of measles cases on a monthly basis,reported by EU/EEA countries to ECDC via The European Surveillance System (TESSy).

Archive: EUVAC.net reports
Surveillance reports of selected vaccine-preventable diseases published by EUVAC.Net from 1999 to 2011.

 

 Measles and rubella monitoring reports

 
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