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Disease vectors

 

 INFOGRAPHIC: SMALL BITES, BIG PROBLEMS. TICK-BORNE DISEASES IN EUROPE

 
 

 MOSQUITOES

 
Invasive mosquitoes 
Aedes aegypti
​ ​
Aedes aegypti ​Mosquito species, originated in south-east Asia but has spread to America, Africa, Australia, Europe. Vector for yellow fever.
Aedes albopictus
Aedes albopictus

​An important invasive mosquito species that can be a vector for dengue, chikungunya

 ​Aedes atropalpus
Aedes aegypti ​Although not an important vector, can be a vector for West Nile virus and Japanese encephalitis virus.
​ ​Aedes koreicus
​Endemic to Japan, north-eastern China, the Republic of Korea,  Russia, a vector for Japanese encephalitis virus in  Russia.​
​ ​Aedes triseriatus
​A North American invasive mosquito species which is the primary vector of La Crosse virus.​
​ ​Aedes japonicus
Aedes japonicus ​An invasive mosquito species, widely established in North America and parts of central Europe.
Local mosquitoes
Anopheles labrianchiaAnopholes sacharovi
Anopheles mosquitoes are a competent vector for malaria.

Anopheles atroparvus
Anopheles labrianchiae
Anopheles plumbeus
Anopheles sacharovi 
 

 INFOGRAPHIC: AN EMERGING THREAT. MOSQUITO-BORNE DISEASES IN EUROPE

 
 

 TICKS

 
Hyalomma marginatum
Hyalomma marginatum ​A hard tick species in southern Europe, southern Asia and Africa.  Can transmit Crimean congo haemorrhagic fever.
 Ixodes ricinus​
Ixodes ricinus An indigenous hard tick species having a wide geographical distribution throughout Europe. Vector for TBE and Lyme.
 

 SAND FLIES

 

Phlebotomine sand flies
A number of sand fly species are present in Europe. Vectors of human & canine leishmaniasis, sand fly fevers.​

 

 VECTOR MAPS

 
 

 SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS

 
 

 SCIENTIFIC ADVANCES

 
 

 PUBLIC HEALTH DEVELOPMENTS

 
 

 DISEASE VECTORS

 
Vectors are small organisms such as mosquitoes or ticks that can carry pathogens from person to person and place to place.
Different species of vectors can carry different diseases.
Vector presence is a prerequisite for the potential transmission of the pathogen, but is not the only factor necessary for transmission to occur.
ECDC vector distribution maps provide the most up-to-date data on the occurrence of vectors in Europe.
Personal prevention measures and vector surveillance and control at country level are key to prevention and control of vector-borne diseases.
ECDC evaluates the risk to the EU of emerging vector-borne diseases by issuing risk assessments on outbreaks occurring in Europe or EU overseas territories. It also implements regular surveillance on vector-borne diseases, such as West Nile fever and tick-borne encephalitis.
 

 TICK-BORNE DISEASES

 
 

 MOSQUITO-BORNE DISEASES

 
 

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 PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS

 
© European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) 2005 - 2015