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Yellow fever

Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil, 2017: Epidemiological situation

7 April 2017

Between 23 March and 5 April 2017, Brazil has reported 90 additional confirmed cases and has discarded 459 suspected cases of yellow fever.
According to WHO, yellow fever virus transmission is expanding towards the Atlantic coast in areas previously not at risk. WHO has updated the yellow fever vaccination recommendations for international travellers to Brazil, expanding to more than 150 new municipalities in the state of Bahia including Salvador, urban areas of Campinas in the state of São Paulo, and the entire state of Rio de Janeiro.






Retrieving Data

 Yellow fever distribution in Brazil 2017



Yellow fever is a viral infection that is present in some tropical areas of Africa and the central area of South America, where it has caused large outbreaks in the past.
The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes which also act as an important reservoir. Monkeys and humans also act as reservoirs in the jungle yellow fever and the urban yellow fever cycles.
Following the insect bite, most infections remain without symptoms.
In clinical cases, symptomatic infection appears after an incubation period of 3–6 days. First symptoms are high fever and red eyes, then after a quiet period, a second rise in temperature, accompanied by signs of liver and kidney failure and bleedings (primarily intestinal).
Up to 50% of cases with liver damage may die.
No specific therapy is available.
A highly effective vaccine is available, providing immunity to 95% of vaccinated persons that should be recommended to travellers to endemic areas.


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