This website is part of the ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control) network

Yellow fever

Yellow fever is a viral infection that is present in some tropical areas of Africa and the central area of South America, where it has caused large outbreaks in the past.

The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes which also act as an important reservoir. Monkeys and humans also act as reservoirs in the jungle yellow fever and the urban yellow fever cycles.

Following the insect bite, most infections remain without symptoms. In clinical cases, symptomatic infection appears after an incubation period of 3–6 days. First symptoms are high fever and red eyes, then after a quiet period, a second rise in temperature, accompanied by signs of liver and kidney failure and bleedings (primarily intestinal). Up to 50% of cases with liver damage may die. No specific therapy is available.

A highly effective vaccine is available, providing immunity to 95% of vaccinated persons that should be recommended to travellers to endemic areas.
 

 IN FOCUS

 


Mosquito guidelines

In 2012 ECDC produced guidelines to assist the Member States to implement invasive mosquito vector surveillance and improve coverage and harmonisation of data collection within the EU. 

Technical report 'Guidelines for the surveillance of invasive mosquitoes in Europe'   

Read more about the mosquito guidelines 

 

 SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS

 
 

 FEATURED PUBLICATION

 
 

 PREVIOUS ANNUAL EPIDEMIOLOGICAL REPORTS

 
 

 EVENTS

 
 

 PUBLIC HEALTH DEVELOPMENTS

 
 

 PUBLICATIONS

 
 

 EUROSURVEILLANCE ARTICLES

 
Retrieving Data
 

 HEALTH TOPICS A-Z

 
Click a letter to find the health topic
 

 DISEASE VECTORS

 
 

 READ MORE ON ECDC SITE

 
© European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) 2005 - 2014