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  • Poland and Cyprus were both considered by the European Regional Certification Commission for Poliomyelitis Eradication (RCC) 2015 report to be at ‘intermediate risk’ for the spread of infection following any poliovirus importation. Poland is neighbouring to the region of Ukraine where the outbreak of vaccine derived polio virus was identified in 2015; and Cyprus has been receiving migrants from North Africa and the Middle East, some of whom may not have been vaccinated against polio.

  • ​Almost 30 000 newly diagnosed HIV infections were reported by the 31 European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries in 2015, according to data published today by ECDC and the WHO Regional Office for Europe. This is similar to the observed notification trends in the last decade. One reason for this persistent HIV epidemic: ECDC estimates that currently around 122 000 people living with HIV across the region are unaware of their infection. The estimated time between HIV infection and diagnosis is four years.
  • ​On 23 November WHO Europe published the results from the 5th annual meeting of the European Regional Verification Commission for Measles and Rubella Elimination (RVC). The RVC examined the 2015 annual status updates submitted by the National Verification Committee in each European country and concluded that, of 53 Member States in the WHO European Region, 24 have so far achieved the measles elimination goal (three more than the previous year). The same number of countries were verified as having eliminated rubella (four more than the previous year). Elimination is defined by the interruption of endemic transmission for at least 36 consecutive months. In addition, 13 countries for measles and 11 for rubella were concluded to have interrupted endemic transmission for between 12 and 36 months, meaning they are on their way to achieving the elimination goal.




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