The last day of the European Scientific Conference on Applied Infectious Disease Epidemiology (ESCAIDE) started with the very important and interesting topic of “Emerging challenges to vaccine programmes: antigen escape and non-specific immune effects”. This plenary highlighted several challenges around vaccination programmes such as the waning of natural booster and whether vaccines should be evaluated to overall mortality and not just their effects in specific diseases.
The day continued with several parallel sessions ranging from HIV with discussions such as “HIV surveillance in Ireland: a timely system for timely trend analysis” to Public health microbiology and molecular epidemiology.
The closing plenary was dedicated to the two public health events of the year, MERS CoV and Ebola. The plenary addressed the advances achieved and remaining challenges in responding to those diseases.