ECDC publishes today a report on the epidemiological situation of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and TBE surveillance systems in EU and EFTA. It has epidemiological data for the period 2000 – 2010, for 20 out of 30 EU/EFTA countries, including ‘country profiles’ for each of the countries that implemented TBE surveillance.
The report identifies key risk areas for the disease and contains recommendations for improving the TBE surveillance and prevention in Europe.
The main risk areas and groups for TBE are:
- Baltic and Nordic countries and central and eastern Europe - extending west as far as Switzerland and Alsace, France, and southern Europe up to northern Italy and the Balkans
- Males aged 40-–60 years, indicating those working outdoors may be at greater risk
- June to October, a seasonal peak over the summer.
Surveillance systems for TBE are implemented in the majority of EU/EFTA countries (20 out of 30). However, significant differences exist among them, making it difficult to compare national data at EU level. The ECDC’s report suggests that national and regional public health authorities improve and harmonise the TBE surveillance systems. It also recommends particular measures, such as the implementation of a standard EU case definition and routine collection of surveillance data from EU countries.
TBE has been recently added to the list of notifiable diseases within the EU and a standard EU case definition for TBE has been agreed and approved and will be published soon.
To foster TBE prevention in Europe, the report proposes developing vaccination recommendations for residents and travellers to affected areas. More precise information about areas at potential risk and the best way to avoid tick bites, as well as vaccination availability for residents and travellers to affected areas are also needed.
The report is the first attempt to systematically collect and compile existing surveillance data on TBE in EU/EFTA countries. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral tick-borne infectious disease that occurs in endemic areas across large regions of Europe. Over the last decades, the number of TBE cases in Europe increased and affected areas spread.
Read ECDC report ‘Epidemiological situation of Tick Borne Encephalitis (TBE) in EU and EFTA’
See and download data from the report:
Press release ‘New overview of surveillance data on tick-borne encephalitis in Europe’
European Commission decision to add tick-borne encephalitis to the list of communicable diseases to be covered by epidemiological surveillance
Tick Borne Encephalitis (TBE)
ECDC Emerging and vector-borne diseases programme