The first human case of West Nile fever in the EU/EEA has been reported this week. Greece reported one probable case in the Attiki region, more precisely in the eastern part of the region, on 16 July.
In 2012, Attiki had the highest number of cases in Greece (45 out of 161) although it also has a population of over 4 million people.
The other EU countries reporting cases of West Nile fever in 2012 were Bulgaria, Croatia (an EU member since 1 July 2013), Hungary, Italy, and Romania.
ECDC’s West Nile fever maps
The weekly West Nile fever report comprises maps of the present geographic distribution of reported autochthonous human cases in the EU and the neighbouring countries including a comparison with previous data, a situation update and a table of the number of cases by country and area. It is posted on the ECDC website every Friday afternoon.
The objective of the project is to inform the competent authorities responsible for blood safety of areas with ongoing transmission of West Nile virus to humans in order to support their implementation of blood safety legislation.
According to EU blood safety legislation
, EU Member States must initiate control measures to ensure blood safety in the event of cases of West Nile fever. A major challenge for the implementation of this regulation has been the timely collection of accurate information about affected areas.