During the past week, 12 new cases of West Nile fever were detected in the EU. Italy reported three new cases in two newly affected provinces of Emilia-Romagna region. In this region, three cases were reported in 2008 and nine in 2009. Greece reported nine new cases from areas with previous case reports.
The probable place of infection of the case reported from Austria on 14 August has been identified as the Sankt Pölten district. In neighbouring countries, 57 new cases were reported. Of these, Serbia reported 32 new cases, one from the newly affected Branicevski district and 31 from areas with previous case reports.
As of 22 August 2013, 42 human cases of West Nile fever have been reported in the EU and 176 cases in neighbouring countries since the beginning of the 2013 transmission season.
ECDC’s West Nile fever maps
The weekly West Nile fever report comprises maps of the present geographic distribution of reported autochthonous human cases in the EU and neighbouring countries, a situation update and a table presenting cases by country and area.
All information is provided in order to inform the competent authorities responsible for blood safety in areas with ongoing transmission of West Nile virus to humans in order to support the implementation of blood safety legislation.
According to EU blood safety legislation
, EU Member States must initiate control measures to ensure blood safety in the event of cases of West Nile fever. A major challenge to the implementation of this regulation has been the timely collection of accurate information about affected areas.