Source and date of request
Internal decision, 16 October 2014.
Rationale for Risk Assessment
To update the assessment of the risk of importation and transmission of Ebola virus in the EU associated with the epidemic of Ebola virus disease in West Africa currently affecting Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Spain and the United States of America. We add evidence on the risks of transmission and on hospital infection control, since three healthcare workers having cared for EVD patients outside of West Africa have become infected.
This assessment does not cover the ongoing EVD epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo or the outbreak of Marburg virus disease in Uganda.
The current EVD outbreak was first assessed in an ECDC rapid risk assessment entitled ‘Outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in Guinea’, dated 23 March 2014. Detailed information about the Ebola virus and the epidemiology of EVD can be found in a series of ECDC publications that are available on the ECDC website.
ECDC contributors (in alphabetical order): Mike Catchpole, Denis Coulombier, Josep Jansa, Kaja Kaasik Aaslav, Teija Korhonen, Diamantis Plachouras, Emmanuel Robesyn, Gianfranco Spiteri, Bertrand Sudre, Marco Testa, Wim Van Bortel and Hervé Zeller.