Studies on general population

tool

General population refer to:

a) People living in a specific geographical area excluding low risk populations such as children OR b) Patients attending community and primary care settings, excluding inpatients OR c) Workforce or specific professional groups e.g. workplace screening excluding health care workers and specific recreational/sports-related population subgroups

Reference:  European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Systematic review on hepatitis B and C prevalence in the EU/EEA. Stockholm: ECDC; 2016



Disclaimers
🛈

Prevalence point estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were re-calculated based on the reported number tested and number positive reported in the original study where available. For the calculation of 95% CIs, Fischer’s exact method was used. If the original studies used a different method for calculating the 95% CI, the values in the table may differ slightly from what is reported in the study.

For studies where the number positive was not reported, this value is back calculated from the prevalence and number tested reported in the study. The prevalence and 95% CI were then recalculated after rounding off the number positive values. Hence the prevalence and 95% CI may not be identical as that reported in the original article.

Where both number tested and positive were not available, the original point estimate and CI as reported in the study is presented.

Some studies contain specific sub populations of the general population e.g. prison wardens. Please refer to the individual studies for more information. Links to the original study in PubMed or Embase are available in the Reference table.

An ad hoc risk of bias framework as developed by the original ECDC review team (reference), that assessed different domains across populations. Please see further information under ‘Risk of Bias’ in the Glossary.


Disclaimers
🛈

This table is organized by date of publication. Some papers may present data from multiple years of data collection, but these will all be categorised by date of publication in this table. Please see the study characteristics table for date of final year of data collection.


Disclaimers
🛈

Prevalence point estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were re-calculated based on the reported number tested and number positive reported in the original study where available. For the calculation of 95% CIs, Fischer’s exact method was used. If the original studies used a different method for calculating the 95% CI, the values in the table may differ slightly from what is reported in the study.

For studies where the number positive was not reported, this value is back calculated from the prevalence and number tested reported in the study. The prevalence and 95% CI were then recalculated after rounding off the number positive values. Hence the prevalence and 95% CI may not be identical as that reported in the original article.

Where both number tested and positive were not available, the original point estimate and CI as reported in the study is presented.

Some studies contain specific sub populations of the general population e.g. prison wardens. Please refer to the individual studies for more information. Links to the original study in PubMed or Embase are available in the Reference table.

An ad hoc risk of bias framework as developed by the original ECDC review team (reference), that assessed different domains across populations. Please see further information under ‘Risk of Bias’ in the Glossary.