Data source overview of antimicrobial consumption

DAMC05
Data source overview of antimicrobial consumption
 
 
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
Country
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
AC
HC
Austria
  
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
Belgium
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
 
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
Bulgaria
    
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Croatia
      
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
R
S
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
Cyprus
                  
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
Czech Republic
  
R
 
R
     
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
   
Denmark
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Estonia
        
S*
 
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Finland
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
France
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
B
B
S
S
S
S
S
S
Germany
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
Greece
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S*
S
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S
S
S*
 
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Hungary
  
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
R
R
R
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
R
R
R
R
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Iceland
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
Ireland
  
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
S
S
S
S
S
 
S
S
S
S
S
S
B
S
B
S
B
S
B
S
B
S
B
S
B
Italy
    
B
 
B
 
B
 
B
 
B
 
B
 
B
R
B
 
B
R
B
R
B
 
B
R
S
R
S
R
B
R
B
R
B
R
B
R
Latvia
          
S
S
  
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Liechtenstein
                                        
Lithuania
                  
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Luxembourg
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
S
R
S
Malta
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
  
Netherlands
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
B
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Norway
  
S
S
    
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
Poland
  
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
   
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
S
 
S
 
S
S
S
S
S
S
Portugal
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
S
R
B
S
B
S
B
R
B
R
B
R
B
R
B
Romania
                        
R
S
  
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
S*
 
Slovakia
    
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
  
S*
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
S
 
Slovenia
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
R
B
R
B
R
B
R
Spain
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
Sweden
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
United Kingdom
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
 
R
B
R
B
B
B
R
RRR
Total S, %
57
70
50
66
50
66
54
69
58
66
57
66
60
68
61
72
61
75
66
81
65
77
62
70
60
78
57
50
66
57
66
60
56
52
60
59
58
60
60
61
Total R, %
35
20
45
25
40
25
36
23
33
26
34
27
32
25
30
22
30
18
25
12
27
16
31
23
33
15
32
22
26
21
26
20
30
23
30
22
29
17
28
19
Total B, %
7
10
5
8
9
8
9
7
8
6
7
5
8
6
7
5
7
6
7
6
6
5
6
5
6
5
10
27
6
21
6
20
13
23
10
18
12
21
10
14
Sectors: AC: community (primary care sector); HC: hospital sector; * Country provided only total care data, however, these data reported as total care are used for comparisons with the community (primary care sector);
Type of data: S: sales data; R: reimbursement data; B: both.
General comments for comparison of antimicrobial consumption data from different countries and/or years:
Total care includes data both from the hospital sector and the community (primary care sector) and overestimates the figures when used for reporting for the community sector.
This report indicates for each country and for each year the type of data reported, either reimbursement, sales or both data together.
Reimbursement data do not include consumption of antimicrobials obtained without prescription and other non-reimbursed courses compared to sales data.
The extent of consumption not included when using reimbursement data may vary by country. For more information please see: Safrany N, Monnet DL. Antibiotics obtained without a prescription in Europe.
Lancet Infect Dis. 2012 Mar;12(3):182-3 and refer to the annual ESAC-Net reports (www.ecdc.europa.eu)
This report has been generated from ESAC-Net data submitted to TESSy, The European Surveillance System on 2017-11-20. The report reflects the state of submissions in TESSy as of 2017-11-20 at 11:30