Chikungunya virus disease
Communicating on chikungunya prevention
Template materials containing information and advice on chikungunya prevention and control targeted at general public in affected areas, visitors travelling to affected areas and health practitioners.
View the toolkit
What's the risk for travellers?
The chikungunya virus is largely spread in the Americas region, with several countries reporting cases in 2018. ECDC is providing regular updates on the chikungunya transmission worldwide in its weekly threat reports/CDTRs.Find out more in the CDTRs
Personal preventive measures for travellers to affected areas
As no vaccine or medication is available, it is important to protect yourself from mosquito bites when staying in the affected areas in order to prevent becoming infected with the virus.View personal preventive measures
About the disease
Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes to humans. The word ‘chikungunya’ means 'that which bends up', an allusion to the posture of the suffering patients. The most common symptom is joint pain.Read the factsheet
Epidemiological update: Chikungunya case in Spain without travel history to endemic areas (false alert)
Figure 3. Seasonal distribution of reported chikungunya cases, EU/EEA, 2014 compared with 2010−2013 (minimum–maximum)
Table 1. Reported chikungunya fever cases: number and rate per 100 000 population, EU/EEA, 2010–2014
Prevention and control
The best protection against mosquito-borne diseases is preventing mosquito bites. Control measures include strengthening mosquito surveillance in areas in Europe at risk of importation of mosquitoes and virus transmission.
Following an outbreak of chikungunya in Italy and the increasing presence of Aedes albopictus mosquitoes in Europe, ECDC prepared a communications toolkit, with template materials with information and advice on chikungunya prevention and control.
Vectors of chikungunya: Aedes aegypti
Aedes aegypti is a known vector of several viruses including yellow fever virus, dengue virus, chikungunya virus and Zika virus.Read the factsheet
Quarterly maps on the geographical distribution of invasive mosquitoes in Europe, including Aedes aegypti, vector of chikungunyaView the mosquito maps
External quality assessment studies for laboratory performance of molecular and serological diagnosis of Chikungunya virus infection
Chikungunya: Its History in Africa and Asia and Its Spread to New Regions in 2013-2014