2015 Measles and Rubella Monitoring Report now available

News

​​3 969 cases of measles were reported by 30 EU/EEA countries from 1 January to 31 December 2015, according to ECDC’s latest measles and rubella monitoring report. One measles-related death was reported in a 19 month old child, and six cases were complicated by acute measles encephalitis.

​3 969 cases of measles were reported by 30 EU/EEA countries from 1 January to 31 December 2015, according to ECDC’s latest measles and rubella monitoring report. One measles-related death was reported in a 19 month old child, and six cases were complicated by acute measles encephalitis.

2 193 rubella cases were reported by 28 EU/EEA countries during the same period. Laboratory confirmation was only available for 1.3% of rubella cases so these figures should be treated with caution.

Both measles and rubella have been targeted for elimination in Europe and ECDC closely monitors progress towards interruption of endemic transmission of both diseases through enhanced surveillance and epidemic intelligence. 13 of the 30 reporting countries had a measles notification rate lower than the elimination target of one case per million population, including eight counties reporting zero cases. In 2015, the rubella notification rate was lower than the elimination target of one case per million population in 25 out of the 28 reporting countries. To interrupt the circulation of the virus, a vaccination coverage (first and second dose) of at least 95% must be reached and maintained for both diseases and in all countries.
 
Vaccination status was known in 88.9% of the reported cases of measles, of which 84.8% were unvaccinated, 10.1% had received one dose of measles vaccine, and 3.6% had received two or more doses. This information highlights the importance of reaching high immunisation uptake in order to meet the disease elimination targets in Europe.
 
No new measles outbreaks have been detected in EU/EEA countries since the last report, dated 31 October 2015.
From 2016 onwards, the measles and rubella monitoring report will be published twice a year. Measles and rubella data will continue to be available online in the ECDC Surveillance Atlas of Infectious Diseases which is updated monthly.

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