ECDC communicable disease threats report (CDTR) week 11: Schmallenberg virus, measles and influenza in focus
During Week 11 (11-17 March 2012), ECDC monitored three public health threats across the European Union (EU).
During Week 11 (11-17 March 2012), ECDC monitored three public health threats across the European Union (EU). Since November 2011, Schmallenberg virus has been reported in cattle, sheep and goats in Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, the United Kingdom, France, Luxembourg and Italy. On 13 March 2012, OIE reported detection of Schmallenberg virus on a sheep farm in Andalusia, Spain. So far no human cases have been reported from the affected countries. In relation to measles, no new outbreaks were detected in the EU during the monitored period. To date, outbreaks or clusters were reported by 14 of the 29 reporting EU and EEA countries in 2012. The highest numbers were noted in Romania, France, Spain, Italy and the United Kingdom. In neighbouring Ukraine an ongoing major outbreak is of concern, with more than 5 200 cases reported so far in 2012. ECDC has recently published a rapid risk assessment on this outbreak [ADD LINK]. Medium or higher influenza intensity has been reported by 20 countries, decreasing trends in ten countries and increasing trends in only three countries: Latvia, the Netherlands and Romania (compared with eleven countries having increasing trends in week 9). Thirteen countries reported stable trends. The CDTR summarises information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union and provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.
ECDC Rapid Risk Assessment highlights young adults and healthcare workers as groups that are susceptible to measles, 21 March 2018
21 Mar 2018 - The latest ECDC rapid risk assessment on the risk of measles transmission in the EU/EEA highlights that vaccination coverage and occurrence of cases vary within countries and population groups. It points to the need for systems to identify and vaccinate young adults, who are increasingly affected and therefore increase measles circulation, but who may not be aware of their vaccination status. Finally, ECDC signals the frequency of cases amongst healthcare workers as a matter of concern and suggests that Member States may consider specific interventions to ensure this group is vaccinated.
Measles outbreaks still ongoing in 2018 and fatalities reported from four countries
9 Mar 2018 - Measles outbreaks continue to occur in a number of EU/EEA countries, and there is a risk of spread and sustained transmission in areas with susceptible populations.
WHO recommendations for influenza virus vaccine composition for the 2018-2019 Northern hemisphere season
26 Feb 2018 - On 19-21 February 2018 the World Health Organization (WHO) agreed on the recommended composition of the trivalent influenza vaccine for the northern hemisphere 2018-2019 influenza season; A/Michigan/45/2015 (H1N1)pdm09-like virus, A/Singapore/INFIMH-16-0019/2016 (H3N2)-like virus, B/Colorado/06/2017-like virus (B/Victoria/2/87 lineage). The WHO recommendations are made with a knowledge of the currently circulating viruses globally. WHO recommended two changes, compared to the current trivalent and quadrivalent vaccines for the 2017–2018 season in the northern hemisphere influenza season.