Trends in Europe for food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses

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The food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses content for the 2014 Annual Epidemiological Report provides a snapshot of the epidemiological situation in Europe. The report features data from 2012.

The food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses content for the 2014 Annual Epidemiological Report provides a snapshot of the epidemiological situation in Europe. The report features data from 2012 and gives an overview of the epidemiology of each disease, some of which are included below:

  • Campylobacter cases increased in the five-year period between 2008 and 2012 but decreased slightly in 2012. Human campylobacteriosis has remained the most commonly reported gastrointestinal disease in Europe since 2005. Handling, preparation and consumption of broiler meat has been estimated to account for 20%–41% of human campylobacteriosis cases.  
  • Salmonellosis rates continued to decrease with a significant five-year decreasing trend in the EU and decreasing trends in 17 EU/EEA countries. This decrease is mainly attributed to the implementation of successful veterinary control programmes, particularly in poultry. However, salmonellosis is the second most commonly reported gastrointestinal infection and an important cause of foodborne outbreaks in the EU/EEA. The five most commonly reported serotypes were S. Enteritidis, S. Typhimurium, monophasic S. Typhimurium, S. Infantis, and S. Stanley. The increase in S. Stanley was due to the multi-country outbreak related to distribution of contaminated turkey meat. 
  • The case rate of hepatitis A varies greatly across the EU/EEA; with the most affected region being Eastern Europe. Poor water supply and weak infrastructure are associated with virus spread in Eastern European countries and the Balkan region. On the contrary, food-borne hepatitis A transmission has caused three independent multi-country outbreaks in the EU/EEA. In all instances, frozen and fresh berries have been implicated as the vehicle of the infection, raising concerns on food safety and traceability of berry trade within the EU/EEA. 
  • In 2012, the confirmed STEC/VTEC cases decreased by 66% after the large STEC/VTEC O104:H4 outbreak in Germany in 2011, but increased by 36% compared with years 2009 and 2010.The number of reported confirmed STEC/VTEC cases was 5 748 and the overall notification rate was 1.5 cases per 100 000 population in the EU and EEA countries in 2012.

 New publication format
The Annual Epidemiological Report is a key ECDC publication on the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe. To facilitate more timely publication of the annual epidemiological data, the report is being first published by a disease group at a time and will later be compiled into one comprehensive annual report. Easy access to the epidemiological information is encouraged by making available online downloadable data on the main diseases.
 
The chapter of the 2014 epidemiological report published today focuses on food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses in Europe and is complemented by downloadable data on: anthrax, botulism, brucellosis, campylobacteriosis, cholera, cryptosporidiosis, echinococcosis, giardiasis, hepatitis A, leptospirosis, listeriosis, salmonellosis, shigellosis, STEC/VTEC, toxoplasmosis, trichinellosis, tularaemia, typhoid/paratyphoid fever and yersiniosis.
 
The ECDC Annual Epidemiological Report is drawn from surveillance information on the 52 communicable diseases and health issues for which surveillance is mandatory in the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) Countries. Targeted at policymakers and health sector leaders, epidemiologists, scientists and the wider public, the report aims to both provide a comprehensive overview of the present situation of communicable diseases in Europe and to assist policymakers and health leaders in making evidence-based decisions in relation to public health programmes and actions.
 
Read the report: Annual epidemiological report 2014 – food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses
 
Download data from the report:The following tables are available either as Microsoft Excel files (.xlsx) or as images (.png).
 Anthrax
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed anthrax reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed anthrax reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Botulism
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed botulism reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed botulism reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Brucellosis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed brucellosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed brucellosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Campylobacteriosis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed campylobacteriosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed campylobacteriosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Cholera
 

  • Numbers and rates of confirmed cholera reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed cholera reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Cryptosporidiosis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed cryptosporidiosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed cryptosporidiosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Echinococcosis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed echinococcosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed echinococcosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Giardiasis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed giardiasis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed giardiasis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Hepatitis A
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed hepatitis A reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed hepatitis A reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Leptospirosis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed leptospirosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed leptospirosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Listeriosis

  • Number and rates of confirmed listeriosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed listeriosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Salmonellosis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed salmonellosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008-2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed salmonellosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Shigellosis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed shigellosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed shigellosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 STEC/VTEC
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed STEC/VTEC reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed STEC/VTEC reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Toxoplasmosis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed congenital toxoplasmosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed toxoplasmosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Trichinellosis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed trichinellosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008-2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed trichinellosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Tularaemia
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed tularaemia reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed tularaemia reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Typhoid/paratyphoid
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed typhoid/paratyphoid fever reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed typhoid/paratyphoid fever reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

 Yersiniosis
 

  • Number and rates of confirmed yersiniosis reported cases, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 MS Excel, image
  • Distribution of confirmed yersiniosis reported cases by month, EU/EEA, 2008–2012 image

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