Epidemiological update: Measles - monitoring European outbreaks, 21 April 2017
A measles outbreak in Romania has been ongoing since February 2016 and cases continue to be reported despite ongoing response measures that have been implemented at national level through reinforced vaccination activities. Between 1 January 2016 and 14 April 2017, Romania reported 4 793 cases. In 2016, a number of EU/EEA countries reported measles outbreaks, and an increase in the number of cases continues to be observed in 2017. Some previous and ongoing measles outbreaks in other EU countries have been epidemiologically linked to the current outbreak in Romania.
Epidemiological update: Hepatitis A outbreaks in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men
Since the last ECDC rapid risk assessment, which was published on 24 February 2017, 10 EU Member States (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden and the United Kingdom (Public Health England and Health Protection Scotland) reported 387 new confirmed cases of hepatitis A, with one of the strains matching the three clusters currently circulating in the EU.
Measles does not only affect children: trends for 2016 and outbreaks in Europe during 2017
During the first 2 months of 2017 we have seen 1524 cases of measles reported from 14 EU/EEA countries. Measles does not only affect children but also older age groups. In 2014 over half of the cases were in adults over 20 years old, in 2015 and 2016 this age group accounted for approximately one third of all cases. Closing immunisation gaps in adolescents and adults who have not received vaccination in the past as well as strengthening routine childhood immunisation programmes will be vital to prevent future outbreaks and reach the elimination goal.
WHO recommendations for influenza virus vaccine composition for the 2018 southern hemisphere influenza season
The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended the composition of the trivalent influenza vaccine for the southern hemisphere winter 2018 influenza season in a report published 28 September 2017.
Influenza surveillance for the 2017-2018 season is starting
ECDC monitors and reports on influenza transmission and virus circulation in Europe on a weekly basis throughout the flu season, in collaboration with WHO Regional Office for Europe, in the report Flu News Europe.
Diphtheria outbreaks in Yemen and Venezuela
An outbreak of diphtheria is currently being experienced in Yemen and Venezuela. One hundred and twenty diphtheria cases have been reported in Yemen in the last two months, while Venezuela has seen more than 500 probable cases in 2017, as detailed in today’s Communicable Disease Threat Report.
Low uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe may jeopardise capacity to protect people in next pandemic
Influenza vaccination coverage among high-risk groups has dropped in the European Region over the last seven years, and half the countries report a decrease in the number of vaccine doses available.