The benefits of HIV treatment: undetectable means you do not pass on the virus
Since its introduction in the 1990s, the main aim of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV has been to halt the progression of the infection, maintaining the health of the HIV-positive person taking treatment. In addition to this, the impact of treatment as prevention has been well described.
Taking stock: where does Europe stand in the elimination of hepatitis B and C?
In 2016, a regional action plan for Europe that aims to contribute to the implementation of the global viral hepatitis elimination strategy was developed by the WHO Regional Office for Europe. In an article published today in Eurosurveillance, the authors take a closer look how Europe is doing according to the ten indicators and targets outlined in this plan. In short: Europe still has some way to go if it wants to eliminate viral hepatitis by 2030.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV among MSM in Europe
The results of two clinical studies, PROUD and IPERGAY, suggests that the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for men who have sex with men (MSM) is an effective HIV prevention tool for Europe.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV in Europe
The use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as an HIV prevention strategy, particularly among men who have sex with men (MSM) as well as other population groups at higher risk of HIV infection, has been receiving more and more attention during 2014. Preliminary results of clinical trials and research studies suggest that it could be an effective HIV prevention tool for Europe.
New and updated evaluations of neuraminidase inhibitors for preventing and treating influenza published
This evaluated patients admitted to hospital with laboratory-confirmed or clinically diagnosed influenza A H1N1pdm09 virus infection.
Treatment as prevention: U.S. CDC introduces clinical guidance on pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published clinical practice guidelines on pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the prevention of HIV. In EU, most countries lack implementation data and formal licensure and guidelines.
How effective were neuraminidase inhibitors during the 2009 pandemic?Archived
This systematic review and meta-analysis of observational data from an established group of specialists assessed treatment outcomes for all three neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs); oseltamivir, zanamivir and peramivir given to hospitalised patients with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 during the 2009 pandemic.
Decline in early childhood respiratory tract infections in the norwegian mother and child cohort study after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccinationArchived
The study design and analysis controlled for influence of potentially confounding trends, such as improvement of day-care carriage and decreasing prevalence of smoking during the study period.
Facemasks and good hand hygiene to reduce influenza transmission in households – Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial in GermanyArchived
Facemasks and good hand hygiene to reduce influenza transmission in households – Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial in Germany