First surveys to investigate the presence of canine leishmaniasis and its Phlebotomine vectors in Hungary
Hungary is regarded as free of leishmaniasis because only a few imported cases have been reported. However, southern Hungary has a sub-Mediterranean climate, and so it was included in the EU FP6 EDEN project, which aimed to map the northern limits of canine leishmaniasis (CanL) in Europe.
Distribution of Leishmania major zymodemes in relation to populations of Phlebotomus papatasi sand flies
Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) (Diptera: Psychodidae) is the main vector of Leishmania major Yakimoff & Schokhor (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), the causative agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Old World.
Canine leishmaniasis surveillance in a northern Italy kennel
The presence of the disease was shown in the canine population for the first time in 2007 by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). The parasite circulation was confirmed also by direct diagnostic tools, as PCR, cytology and cultural method, performed on different bioptic materials.
Spatial distribution of phlebotomine sand flies in the Aydin Mountains and surroundings: the main focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in western Turkey
An entomological survey was conducted to determine the spatial distribution of phlebotomine fauna and understand the effect of environmental factors.
Efficacy of commercial mosquito traps in capturing phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Egypt
Four types of commercial mosquito control traps, the Mosquito Magnet Pro (MMP), the Sentinel 360 (S360), the BG-Sentinel (BGS), and the Mega-Catch Ultra (MCU), were compared with a standard Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) light trap for efficacy in collecting phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a small farming village in the Nile River Valley 10 km north of Aswan, Egypt.
International Symposium on Phlebotominae Sand Flies (ISOPS VII)
Main topics of the meeting will be : Collecting sand flies – Repositories for sand flies and sand fly colonies – Taxonomy and genetics – Ecology – Physiology and immunology – Sand fly Saliva and immune response to sand fly bites – Leishmania-sand fly interaction – Other pathogens in sand flies – Sand fly control as a part of integrated leishmaniasis control programs
Occurrence and genetic variability of Phlebotomus papatasi in an urban area of southern Italy
A phlebotomine sand fly was noticed in the second floor of an old building in a highly urbanized area of southern Italy. A short-term entomological survey was carried out in the subsequent weeks to this event, allowing the collection of additional phlebotomine sand flies that were later identified as Phlebotomus papatasi.
Phlebotomine sand fly population dynamics in a leishmaniasis endemic peri-urban area in southern Italy
A 2-year survey was carried out from May to November 2008 and 2009 to study the sand fly species composition, its seasonal phenology and density in Apulia region (southern, Italy).
Neglected tropical diseases outside the tropics
The neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Due to increased human mobility, NTDs are increasingly being reported in western countries, outside their usual geographic area of endemicity.