ECDC-EMCDDA review: Can active case finding help reduce communicable diseases in prisons?
ECDC and the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) have systematically retrieved and assessed evidence on active case findings for blood-borne viruses like HIV, hepatitis B and C, sexually transmitted infections as well as tuberculosis in prison settings in the EU/EEA.
ECDC: around 9 million Europeans are affected by chronic hepatitis B or C
An estimated 4.7 million Europeans are living with chronic hepatitis B and almost 4 million (3.9) with chronic hepatitis C infection. However, large numbers of them are not even aware of their infection as they have not yet been tested and diagnosed.
EMCDDA and ECDC join forces to address the challenge of hepatitis
Hepatitis and other drug-related infectious diseases will be the focus of ‘Hepatitis week’, taking place at the EU drugs agency (EMCDDA) in Lisbon from 12–16 June 2017. The initiative will bring together some 100 specialists from: EU Member States, candidate and potential candidate countries to the EU, as well as partner agencies, civil society and professional organisations.
Gaps in hepatitis testing and monitoring programmes across the EU/EEA: ECDC survey
The survey results suggest a wide variation in existing national testing policy and practice when it comes to hepatitis B and C – with overall limited monitoring of testing, diagnosis, and treatment across EU/EEA Member States. Many respondents expressed a need for Europe-wide practical guidance on how testing initiatives should be conducted, evaluated, and monitored.
Antenatal screening in Europe: how to avoid mother-to-child transmission of infections
Transmission of infections with HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis or rubella from mother to child before and during birth as well as in infancy still occur across Europe – despite existing prevention methods.
Adoption of regional hepatitis action plan by WHO Regional Committee
This first European Action Plan provides an important driver to aid countries in their fight against viral hepatitis, to which ECDC had the opportunity to contribute directly.
Hepatitis B and C among migrants – finding the risk groups
One of the main challenges in the control of hepatitis B and C is identifying those who do not even know they are infected. Only then can they benefit from the appropriate antiviral treatment and the risk of further spread can be reduced. In many countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA), migrants are known to be one of the key populations at higher risk of infection with hepatitis B and C. A new ECDC study shows that hepatitis-specific prevention and care programmes need to target such key groups at risk of infection.
Is Europe ready to eliminate viral hepatitis?
The goal for 2030: a world free of hepatitis. Currently, Europe records around 57 000 newly diagnosed acute and chronic cases of hepatitis B and C each year. On top of that, an estimated 10 million Europeans are believed to suffer from chronic hepatitis B and C infection – and most of them do not even know about it as the infection often shows no symptoms. In order to eliminate hepatitis as a public health issue, as set out in a new global strategy, Europe needs to scale-up coverage of testing, prevention interventions and treatment services.