Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 June 2013, week 23

Surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)

The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.

Executive summary

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. This week’s report includes an update on the most recent Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) cases and the first reported cases of West Nile virus in Russia.

MERS-CoV

Between 1 and 6 June 2013, five new cases have been reported, three cases from Italy and two cases from Saudi Arabia. A 45-year-old man returned to Italy on 25 May 2013 from Jordan. He was hospitalised on 28 May 2013. Two additional cases who had been in close contact with the man have also been infected, most likely by human-to-human  transmission. These are the first cases of MERS-CoV to have been reported in Italy. All three patients are reported to be in stable condition.

West Nile virus

Four people have been reported infected with West Nile virus in the Astrakhanskaya oblast, Russia on 31 May. These are the first cases of West Nile virus in the wider European region this year and come a month earlier than the first cases in 2012. In this context, ECDC has started the systematic screening of West Nile fever cases reported in Europe with weekly maps showing the areas within European countries with reported cases. The first weekly map was published on Friday 7 June and will continue throughout the transmission season.