Communicable disease threats report, 20-26 October 2013, week 43

Surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)
Time period covered: 20-26 October 2013

The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.
 

Executive summary

​The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Of note in this week’s report are:

MeaslesThere are several measles outbreaks in EU countries. In the Netherlands almost 2 000 cases have been reported as of 16 October 2013, with 122 in the past week. Several outbreaks across Italy are being monitored. The current outbreaks suggest that endemic measles transmission continues in many EU Member States and the prospect of achieving the 2015 WHO elimination objective remains challenging.  Suspected outbreak of poliomyelitis - SyriaA cluster of children affected by acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) was detected in early October 2013 in Deir Al Zour province in Syria and is currently being investigated. Wild poliovirus was last reported in Syria in 1999. This cluster, if confirmed, increases the risk for the importation of wild polio virus to the EU/EEA and further re-establishment and transmission in the Member States. ECDC published a Rapid Risk Assessment on the outbreak on 24 October 2013.