Communicable disease threats report, 28 April - 4 May 2013, week 18
The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.
Last week, public health authorities reported on the on-going outbreak in Wales. Public Health Wales reported 503 measles cases in April, bringing the total number of notified cases in the outbreak affecting Wales since November 2012 to 1011. Public Health England, NHS England and the UK Department of Health announced on 25 April a nationwide catch-up campaign targeting 300 000 unvaccinated and 300 000 partially vaccinated 10-16 year children and teenagers.
Travel related cases of Hepatitis A
Several European countries report hepatitis A virus infection in travellers returning from Egypt. The distribution of cases over November to April suggests a persistent source for the outbreak - potentially food borne - which has not yet been identified. Fifteen EU/EEA countries have reported 104 cases with hepatitis A infections among travellers returning from Egypt. Of these, 15 cases share an identical RNA sequence. ECDC has published a rapid risk assessment. Public health authorities in the affected countries, ECDC and WHO are actively collaborating to detect the source of the infection in order to prevent the occurrence of additional cases.
Avian influenza A(H7N9)
The CDTR also continues to report on the recent outbreak of avian influenza A(H7N9) in China. Between 25 April and 02 May 2013, 16 additional confirmed human cases of influenza A(H7N9) virus, including three deaths, have been reported. Since the beginning of the outbreak there have been 128 confirmed cases, including 26 deaths.
The Chinese health authorities are responding to this public health event with enhanced surveillance, epidemiological and laboratory investigation and contact tracing. The animal health sector has intensified investigations into the possible sources and reservoirs of the virus. The authorities reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) that avian influenza A(H7N9) was detected in samples from pigeons, chickens and ducks, and in environmental samples from live bird markets ('wet markets') in Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui and Zhejiang provinces. Authorities have closed markets and culled poultry in affected areas
The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control.
Dengue - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
12 Apr 2019 - For 2017, 27 countries reported 2 026 travel-associated cases of dengue fever, of which 1 818 (89.7%) were confirmed.
Surveillance report: Avian influenza overview November 2018 - February 2019
28 Mar 2019 - Between 16 November 2018 and 15 February 2019, two HPAI A(H5N8) outbreaks in poultry establishments in Bulgaria, two HPAI A(H5N6) outbreaks in wild birds in Denmark and one low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) A(H5N3) in captive birds in the Netherlands were reported in the EU. No human infections due to highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N8) or A(H5N6) viruses have been reported so far and the risk of zoonotic transmission to the general public in Europe is considered very low.