Communicable disease threats report, 28 December 2014 - 3 January 2015, week 1

Surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)
Time period covered: 28 December 2014 - 3 January 2015

​The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.

Executive summary

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. This issue covers the period 28 December 2014-3 January 2015 and includes updates on: 

Influenza  Europe
During the last week of 2014 the intensity of influenza activity remained low in the majority of the reporting countries in Europe. However, the number of countries with increased activity continued to rise compared to previous weeks.
 
The influenza season in Europe appears to be starting as the proportion of influenza virus-positive sentinel specimens has increased above the threshold of 10%.

Ebola virus disease – West Africa

As of 28 December, WHO reports 20 206 confirmed, probable and suspected cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), with 7905 deaths, in four affected countries (Guinea, Liberia, Mali, and Sierra Leone) and four previously affected countries (Nigeria, Senegal, Spain and the United States of America).

 
On 29 December, Scotland reported a confirmed case of EVD in a healthcare worker who had returned from volunteering at an Ebola treatment centre in Sierra Leone. This is the first imported case of EVD to the UK that is not a medical evacuation.