Communicable disease threats report, 30 November - 6 December

Surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)
Time period covered: 30 November - 6 December 2014

​The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to
the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.

Executive summary

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. This issue covers the period 30 November–6 December 2014 and includes updates on:

Ebola virus disease – West Africa

An outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has been ongoing in West Africa since December 2013, mainly affecting Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Up to 2 December, WHO has reported 17 256 confirmed, probable, and suspected cases of Ebola virus disease, including 6 113 deaths, in five affected countries (Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone and the United States of America) and three previously affected countries (Nigeria, Senegal and Spain). Since 25 November no additional cases of EVD have been reported in Mali.

On 2 December WHO declared Spain Ebola-free as 42 days have passed since the confirmed case tested negative.
 
ECDC published an update to its rapid risk assessment on 18 November 2014

Outbreak of measles linked to an international dog exhibition - Slovenia
An outbreak of measles was reported in Slovenia on 27 November 2014. The outbreak was likely to have been caused by common exposure at an international dog exhibition in the country. Fifteen cases of measles reported in November (11 confirmed and 4 probable), have a history of visiting the exhibition that took place in Vrtojba close to Nova Gorica on 8–9 November 2014.

Plague outbreak - Madagascar
An outbreak of plague has been evolving in Madagascar since 31 August 2014 when the first case was notified in a male child who died on 3 September. As of 5 December 2014, 138 cases and 47 deaths (CFR 34%) have been reported.