Communicable disease threats report, 6-12 April 2014, week 15

Surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)
Time period covered: 6 - 12 April 2014

​The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases
with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.

Executive summary

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. This issue covers the period 6-12 April 2014 and includes updates on:

Ebola in West Africa

In Guinea, cases were reported in Conakry, Guéckédou, Macenta, Kissidougou, and in the prefectures of Dabola and Djingaraye. In Liberia, Foya, Lofa County, remains the epicentre of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak. The latest case count is included in the EVD epidemiological update. The ongoing outbreak of EVD in West Africa started in early February 2014, affecting Guinea and Liberia.

Hepatitis A outbreak in Europe

Norway has reported an ongoing outbreak of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection. Most patients had symptom onset in February and March 2014. Confirmed cases were infected with an outbreak strain identical to the one isolated from outbreak patients in Italy, Ireland and the Netherlands. Since 1 January 2013, 1 315 cases of HAV infection were reported by 11 Member States as potentially linked to the ongoing outbreak. Initially, the outbreak was associated with travel to Italy. Currently, seven countries besides Italy have reported cases with no travel history (France, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK).
On 11 April ECDC published a Rapid Outbreak Assessment.

Influenza in Europe

Influenza activity is declining towards an inter-seasonal pattern but influenza viruses were still detected in the majority of reporting countries.