Communicable Disease Threats Report week 36

surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)

​The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.

Executive summary

​The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. This week’s report includes: 

West Nile fever
West Nile fever is entering its peak phase, as had been expected. 28 new neuro-invasive cases were reported in the EU during the week, with newly affected areas in Italy and Romania being confirmed. A previous case reported in Austria was withdrawn.
A total of 11 non-neuroinvasive cases were reported for the first time by Italy. These cases have been detected since the beginning of the transmission season.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
 
Five new cases of MERS-CoV were reported by national health authorities between 29 August and 5 September. Four of the cases were reported by Saudi Arabia and one fatal case was reported by the health authorities in Qatar.

Paratyphoid A fever
 
An unusual increase in the number of cases of Paratyphoid A fever in individuals returning from Cambodia has been reported. A total of 34 cases were reported between March 2013 and 5 September 2013, with 30 being recorded in travellers from five EU/EEA countries. ECDC has published a Rapid Risk Assessment detailing the increase in the number of cases. Main conclusions of the report include the recommendation for travellers returning from a tropical country with a fever to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

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