ECDC and EFSA joint Rapid Risk Assessment: Cluster of haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in Bordeaux, France
Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) is a type of pathogenic E. coli strain capable of producing Shiga toxins. The strains are also known as verotoxin- or verocytotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC). Virulent strains among this pathotype are also called enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) and can cause illness ranging from mild intestinal disease to severe kidney complications. There are around 250 different E. coli O serotypes producing Shiga toxin, of which over 100 have been associated with human disease. While the serotype O157:H7 is considered as clinically the most important, up to 50% of STEC infections are caused by non-O157 serotypes.
Outbreak of travel-associated Legionnaires' disease – Palmanova, Mallorca (Spain), September–October 2017
An increase in Legionnaires’ disease cases is currently being reported in EU travellers returning from Palmanova in Mallorca, Spain.Read more
Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreak of pneumonic plague in Madagascar: recent introduction in the Seychelles
Madagascar has been experiencing an outbreak of plague since 23 August 2017, and 560 cases and 57 deaths (case fatality rate 10.1%) have been reported as of 12 October 2017.Read more
Rapid risk assessment: Clusters of autochthonous chikungunya cases in Italy, first update
Italy is currently experiencing four clusters of autochthonous chikungunya cases in the cities of Anzio, Latina and Rome in the Lazio region, and the city of Guardavalle Marina in the Calabria region.Read more