Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with a novel influenza A virus, A(H7N9) China
On 31 March 2013, the Chinese authorities announced the identification of a novel influenza A virus, A(H7N9), in three seriously ill people from two provinces presenting with respiratory infections. So far, no epidemiological link has been identified between those three patients. When testing for the influenza virus, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention identified genes from both A(H7N9) and A(H9N2) viruses, thus indicating a novel reassortant avian influenza A virus. In its initial assessment of the situation, the ECDC rapid risk assessment concludes that the risk of the spread of the virus in Europe can be considered low at this stage.
Rapid risk assesment: Dengue outbreak in Réunion, France
16 Apr 2018 - A dengue outbreak of unusual magnitude is currently taking place in the French Outermost Region of Réunion. Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are considered to be the principal vector of dengue virus in Réunion. Dengue virus (DENV) transmission in Réunion is not unexpected: over the last ten years a number of limited dengue outbreaks have been reported on the island.
Rapid risk assessment: Acute encephalitis associated with infection with Borna disease virus 1, Germany
26 Mar 2018 - Borna disease virus 1 (BoDV-1) has been associated with human disease in four cases in Germany resulting in the death of three people. As three of the cases belong to a cluster of solid organ recipients from a single donor, donor-derived BoDV-1 transmission is possible. There is no evidence that the donor had any clinical manifestation of the disease.
Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes serogroup IVb, multi-locus sequence type 6, infections probably linked to frozen corn
22 Mar 2018 - An outbreak of invasive Listeria monocytogenes ( L. monocytogenes ) infections defined by whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and probably linked to frozen corn has been ongoing in five EU Member States (Austria, Denmark, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom) since 2015. As of 8 March 2018, 32 cases have been reported and six patients have died due to or with the infection