Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 9 March 2012 - week 9
The 2011-2012 influenza season started later than recent seasons and has been without any clear geographic progression. The following points are noteworthy this week:
Medium or higher intensity has been reported by 18 countries and increasing trends by 11 countries. Bulgaria, Italy and Spain have reported decreasing trends for at least two weeks in a row and are therefore the first three European countries past their epidemic peak this season.
Of 1 606 sentinel specimens tested, 48.0% were positive for influenza virus, the first proper decline this year. Of these sentinel viruses, 91.4% were type A and 8.6% were type B. Only six were A(H1)pdm09 (&lt;1%).
Since week 40/2011, 1 024 SARI cases , including 40 fatalities, have been reported by seven countries. Of these cases, 690 were related to influenza infection – 90% with A(H3), 5% with A(H1)pdm09 and 5% with B viruses.
No resistance to neuraminidase inhibitors (oseltamivir and zanamivir) has been reported so far this season.
Three European countries have now seen a peak in their national influenza season epidemics but the trend is still upward in a number of others. The epidemics remain dominated by A(H3) viruses, but B viruses seem to be on the increase recently.
Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, June 2019
15 Jul 2019 - This is the eighth report for the 2018–19 influenza season. As of week 25/2019, 205 167 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported. Detections were 98.9% type A viruses, with A(H1N1)pdm09 prevailing over A(H3N2), and 1.1% type B viruses, with 85 (58%) of 146 ascribed to a lineage being B/Yamagata-lineage.
Tularaemia Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
15 Jul 2019 - For 2017, 447 cases of tularaemia were reported by 18 countries in the EU/EEA, 413 (92%) of which were confirmed. As in previous years, the proportion of cases among males was higher in all age groups, with a male-to-female ratio of 2.1:1. Notification rates in men and women increased with age (except for the age group ≥65 years). The highest rate was observed in men in the age group 45–64 years (0.2 cases per 100 000 population).
Hantavirus infection - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
15 Jul 2019 - In 2017, 21 countries reported 4 239 cases of hantavirus infection (0.8 cases per 100 000 population). Two countries, Finland and Germany, accounted for 70.1% of all reported cases. In the absence of a licensed vaccine, prevention mainly relies on rodent control, avoidance of contact and properly cleaning and disinfecting areas contaminated by rodent excreta (urine, saliva or droppings).