Risk assessment: Autochthonous Plasmodium vivax malaria in Greece
Greece reports six cases of Plasmodium vivax infection in Evrotas, Lakonia, Peloponnese region, and Chalkida in Evoia since June 2011. The main risk related to the current event is to persons living in, visiting and working in the particular area of Evrotas in the district of Lakonia (and potentially Chalkida in Evoia, though more information is needed) in Greece.
Rapid risk assessment: Review of the epidemiological situation of West Nile virus infection in the European Union
In the ongoing 2011 West Nile virus transmission season, cases have been reported from newly affected geographical areas
Rapid risk assessment: Update on autochthonous Plasmodium vivax malaria in Greece
The ECDC risk, as assessed on 23 August 2011, remains unchanged. The main risk is to persons residing in, visiting and working in the affected areas of Greece, particularly Evrotas in Lakonia. The risk for further extension of malaria transmission into the EU as a result of this event is considered low at present. EU national blood competent authorities should be considering whether to implement deferral measures for persons returning from these specific affected areas in Greece, taking into consideration measures currently implemented by the Greek blood safety authorities and after a considered risk assessment in collaboration with their national public health authorities.
Risk assessment: Epidemiological situation of West Nile virus infection in the European Union - Update, 13 July 2012
On 7 and 10 July, the Hellenic Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (KEELPNO) reported the first two human cases of West Nile virus (WNV) infection in Greece this year. When looking at the epidemiology of WNV infection in Greece since 2010, one can observe a progressive geographical expansion of WNV transmission throughout the country. For this reason, these newly confirmed cases in Athens do not come unexpected.
Rapid risk assessment: Autochthonous dengue cases in Madeira, Portugal
Following report of cases of locally transmitted dengue infection in the Autonomous Region of Madeira, Portugal, ECDC has produced a rapid risk assessment.
Risk assessment: Update on autochthonous dengue cases in Madeira, Portugal
This is the first sustained transmission of dengue in the European Union since the 1920s. Autochthonous transmission is likely to continue until the end of the year when mosquito density will probably decrease.
West Nile virus risk assessment tool
West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging pathogen whose ecology and epidemiology extend across multiple interfaces. As the epidemiology and transmission cycle of WNV is complex, assessing the risk of WNV being transmitted to humans is not always straightforward. Therefore, the WNV risk assessment tool has been developed to provide operational guidance in support of the risk assessment process.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Cluster of autochthonous chikungunya cases in France
This rapid risk assessment has been produced In the context of a cluster of four confirmed cases and one probable locally-acquired case of chikungunya in Var department, in southern France.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Clusters of autochthonous chikungunya cases in Italy
Two related clusters involving autochthonous transmission of chikungunya virus have been detected in the cities of Anzio and Rome. This rapid risk assessment provides detailed event background information and assesses the threat for the European Union.
Rapid risk assessment: Multiple reports of locally-acquired malaria infections in the EU
In the context of five recent events of local malaria transmission in the EU, we assess the risk of malaria spread in the EU.