Risk assessment: Laboratory-created A(H5N1) viruses transmissible between ferrets
The results of two, as yet unpublished, investigations of laboratory-induced genetic changes in avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses have been reported to have found that a surprisingly few number of changes make the viruses transmissible between ferrets, the most commonly used model for the way influenza behaves in humans. The possibility that this could have resulted in the development in laboratories of A(H5N1) influenza viruses transmissible between humans has caused concern for public safety and generated unusually high levels of debate in the scientific community. This report summarises and explains the complex public health and scientific issues around these developments including the positive and negative aspects of some of the responses that have been proposed internationally.
Rapid risk assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes PCR serogroup IVb, MLST ST6
A multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes PCR serogroup IVb, MLST ST6 has been ongoing in the EU/EEA since at least 2015.
Joint Rapid Outbreak Assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Agona infections linked to infant formula
This document provides an assessment of the public health risk associated with a multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Agona associated with consumption of potentially contaminated infant formula from France.
Rapid risk assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes serogroup IVb, multi-locus sequence type 6, infections linked to frozen corn and possibly to other frozen vegetables – first update
This document provides an updated assessment of the cross-border public health risk associated with consumption of frozen corn and possibly linked to other frozen vegetables contaminated with L. monocytogenes.
Multinational outbreak of travel-related Salmonella Chester infections in Europe, summers 2014 and 2015
Fonteneau, L., Da Silva, N.J., Fabre, L., Ashton, P., Torpdahl, M., Müller, L., Bouchrif, B., El Boulani, A., Valkanou, E., Mattheus, W., Friesema, I., Herrera Leon, S., Varela Martínez, C., Mossong, J., Severi, E., Grant, K., Weill, F., Gossner, C.M., Bertrand, S., Dallman, T., Le Hello, S.
Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes sequence type 8 infections linked to consumption of salmon products
A multi-country outbreak of 12 listeriosis cases caused by Listeria monocytogenes sequence type (ST) 8 has been identified through whole genome sequencing (WGS) analysis in three EU/EEA countries: Denmark (6 cases), Germany (5) and France (1).
An outbreak of listeriosis linked to turkey meat products in the Czech Republic, 2012–2016
Gelbíčová, T., Zobaníková, M., Tomáštíková, Z., Van Walle, I., Ruppitsch, W., Karpíšková, R.
Cluster of monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium with previously unseen MLVA pattern in the EU/EEA
This joint rapid outbreak assessment from ECDC and EFSA assesses a cluster of monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium with an MLVA pattern previously unseen in the EU/EEA.
Re-emerging multi-country WGS-defined outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis, MLVA type 2-12-7-3-2 and 2-14-7-3-2, 6 February 2017
This rapid risk assessment assesses the recurrent multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis due to a persistent source of infection, with current or recent exposure in at least four EU/EEA Member States.
Rapid outbreak assessment: multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 8, MLVA profile 2-9-7-3-2 and 2-9-6-3-2 infections, 7 March 2017
An outbreak of S. Enteritidis phage type 8 is ongoing in the EU/EEA. Isolates are part of two distinct but related genetic clusters. ECDC and EFSA are liaising with relevant authorities to facilitate the coordination of investigation response measures.