ECDC/EFSA joint report: Avian influenza overview (November 2017 – February 2018)
The “Avian influenza overview” report is published quarterly and provide an update of the developments of zoonotic avian influenza viruses in EU/EEA and worldwide, in particular with a view to describe the evolution of virus spread from certain regions towards the EU. In case of significant changes in the epidemiology of avian influenza, these reports could be needed more frequently. The report is a joint ECDC/EFSA publication. Avian influenza is an infectious viral disease in birds, including domestic poultry. Avian influenza is mainly found in birds, but under certain circumstances infections can also occur in humans even though the risk is generally very low.
Weekly influenza update, week 11, March 2018
Influenza viruses continue to circulate widely in the Region with some eastern European countries that have only recently reported increased activity, experiencing a late start to the season with increased circulation of influenza type A viruses. Similar to the previous week, 44% of the individuals sampled from primary healthcare settings tested positive for influenza viruses, despite the peak rate for the Region occurring in week 05/2018. Both influenza virus types A and B were co-circulating with the majority being type B viruses and B/Yamagata continuing to be the dominant lineage. Similar proportions of influenza type A and B viruses were reported in patients admitted to ICU, with the majority of severe cases reported this season being due to influenza type B and occurring in persons above the age of 15 years.
ECDC Calculator - LTBI control in European countries
The ECDC Calculator- LTBI control in European countries is an Excel tool based on a tuberculosis transmission model with the purpose to assess different screening strategies for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI).
This tool uses data from four pilot countries to estimate annual tuberculosis incidence and to predict the costs and effect of different LTBI screening strategies over a 20-year period.
Mathematical modelling of programmatic screening strategies for latent tuberculosis infection in countries with low tuberculosis incidence
Elimination of tuberculosis (TB) requires the management of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in key populations. Thus, people with LTBI need to be diagnosed and treated with appropriate regimens. It is unknown how different screening and treatment strategies of key populations affect TB transmission and progress toward elimination.
Communicable disease threats report, 18-24 March 2018, week 12
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 18-24 March 2018 and includes updates on cholera, influenza, dengue, chikungunya, measles, listeria and yellow fever.
Cost-effectiveness analysis of programmatic screening strategies for latent tuberculosis infection in the EU/EEA
The elimination of tuberculosis (TB) in Europe will require the management of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in key populations. Management of LTBI requires the identification and adequate treatment of infected people. It is currently unknown how screening and treatment of key populations should be best organised to have the highest impact with the available resources.