Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil - 1st update, 13 April 2017
This risk assessment contains updated advice to travellers and health professionals and the latest information on the epidemiological situation of yellow fever in Brazil.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreak of invasive meningococcal disease in the EU associated with a mass gathering event in Japan, 21 August 2015
This rapid risk assessment considers the risk to the EU of an outbreak of invasive meningococcal disease in the UK and Sweden associated with the 23rd World Scout Jamboree in Japan.
Rapid risk assessment: Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt - 1st update, 13 March 2015
Human cases and fatalities due to influenza A(H5N1) virus continue to increase in Egypt, with cases from the country now accounting for the highest number of human cases reported worldwide.
Rapid risk assessment: human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt, 23 December 2014
According to a WHO update published on 4 December 2014, eight new human cases of influenza A(H5N1) have been reported in Egypt, with onset of disease in November 2014, bringing the total for 2014 to 12.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) – Tuberculosis
This guideline document presents several procedures intended to assist in the evaluation of risk for transmission of tuberculosis on board aircraft.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA): Influenza
This report which is part of the RAGIDA project (Risk Assessment Guidance for Infectious Diseases transmitted on Aircraft) provides viable options for decision-makers when faced with the choice of whether to contact trace air travellers and crew that were potentially exposed to infectious diseases during a flight.
- Avian influenza virus
- Infectious diseases on aircrafts
- Influenza A (H1N1)2009
- Influenza A(H5N1) virus
- Influenza A(H5N2) virus
- Influenza A(H5N8) virus
- Influenza A(H7N9) virus
- Influenza in humans, avian origin
- Influenza in humans, pandemic
- Influenza in humans, seasonal
- Influenza in humans, swine origin
- Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA)
- Travellers' health
Risk assessment: Outbreak of cholera in Cuba, potential risk for European travellers, 12 July 2012
This rapid risk assessment assesses the potential risk for European travellers to Cuba after an outbreak of cholera in the Granma Province of the country.
Infectious diseases among travellers and migrants in Europe, Eurotravnet 2010
Gautret, P., Cramer, J.P., Field, V., Caumes, E., Jensenius, M., Gkrania-Klotsas, E., de Vries, P.J., Grobusch, M.P., Lopez-Velez, R., Castelli, F., Schlagenhauf, P., Hervius, Askling, H., Von Sonnenburg, F., G, Lalloo, D., Loutan, L., Rapp, C., Basto, F., Santos, O'Connor, F., Weld, L., Parola, P.
Technical guidance on risk assessment guidelines for diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA). Part 2: Operational guidelines - Second edition
In the closed cabin environment of modern airplanes, passengers are frequently exposed to various infectious diseases.