Expert consultation on scientific evidence linked to polio virus in Israel and Syria
In response to the recent events of wild-type poliovirus (WPV) circulation in Israel and a cluster of poliomyelitis cases in Syria, ECDC published two risk assessments for the EU/EEA on 26 September and 24 October 2013, respectively.
Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Eleventh update, 21 August 2014
This eleventh updated rapid risk assessment on MERS-CoV shows that the number of cases has been steadily declining in the last few months.
Rapid risk assessment: Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt - 1st update, 13 March 2015
Human cases and fatalities due to influenza A(H5N1) virus continue to increase in Egypt, with cases from the country now accounting for the highest number of human cases reported worldwide.
Risk assessment: Situation in northern Africa/Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the influx of migrants* to Europe
ECDC, after conducting rapid risk assessments, has concluded that the risk of importation of infectious diseases from North Africa to the EU is considered to be low. From a public health perspective, the most urgent concern is related to the poor living conditions of the migrants, such as overcrowding and poor sanitation.
Rapid risk assessment: Cholera outbreak in Algeria, 2018
As of 30 August 2018, Algeria has reported 74 confirmed cholera cases from six northern and coastal areas of the country. This is the first cholera outbreak reported in Algeria in more than 20 years.
Rapid risk assessment: A(H5N1) Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Egypt – Implications for human health in Europe
Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) infections are continuing to occur in poultry and humans in Egypt. However there is no evidence of a significant change in the pattern of human illness and deaths related to A(H5N1) virus infections in the country. Certainly there are no epidemiological data or analyses consistent with adaptation of these viruses to humans.
Rapid risk assessment: Transmission of Foot and Mouth disease to humans visiting affected areas
The risk of Foot and Mouth disease being transmitted to humans visiting affected areas is extremely low, if consumption of pasteurised milk, dairy products or unprocessed meat from infected animals and direct contact with such animals is avoided.
Outbreak of measles in Ukraine and potential for spread in the EU, 2012
A rapid risk assement on the risk of measles for visitors to Ukraine, particularly during the UEFA European Football Championship, EURO 2012, and the potential spread of infection within the EU.
Communicable disease threats report, 14-20 October 2012, week 42
The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with a novel coronavirus
New and noteworthy in this update: the retrospective identification of novel coronavirus in biological samples from two fatal cases in Jordan (April 2012) and the results of a joint ECDC/WHO survey which confirms that EU/EEA Member States have an adequate capacity to detect novel coronavirus through their network of national reference laboratories: 18 of 30 in EU/EEA countries are capable of confirming positive screened samples by either ORF1b RT-PCR or other target RT-PCR assays with sequence analysis or whole-genome sequence analysis.