Rapid risk assesment: Dengue outbreak in Réunion, France
A dengue outbreak of unusual magnitude is currently taking place in the French Outermost Region of Réunion. Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are considered to be the principal vector of dengue virus in Réunion. Dengue virus (DENV) transmission in Réunion is not unexpected: over the last ten years a number of limited dengue outbreaks have been reported on the island.
Rapid risk assessment: Acute encephalitis associated with infection with Borna disease virus 1, Germany
Borna disease virus 1 (BoDV-1) has been associated with human disease in four cases in Germany resulting in the death of three people. As three of the cases belong to a cluster of solid organ recipients from a single donor, donor-derived BoDV-1 transmission is possible. There is no evidence that the donor had any clinical manifestation of the disease.
Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes serogroup IVb, multi-locus sequence type 6, infections probably linked to frozen corn
An outbreak of invasive Listeria monocytogenes ( L. monocytogenes ) infections defined by whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and probably linked to frozen corn has been ongoing in five EU Member States (Austria, Denmark, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom) since 2015. As of 8 March 2018, 32 cases have been reported and six patients have died due to or with the infection
Rapid risk assessment: Risk of measles transmission in the EU/EEA
Risk of further spread and sustained transmission of measles in EU/EEA countries related to ongoing outbreaks and insufficient vaccination coverage.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil, Third update.
In September 2017, the Ministry of Health in Brazil declared the end of the 2016–2017 yellow fever outbreak in the country. The upsurge of human cases since December 2017 and the continuous non-human primate epizootics since September 2017 indicate a continued or resumed increase in yellow fever virus circulation in Brazil. Since January 2018, most of the yellow fever cases have been reported from São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais states.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil, Second update
This publication assesses the risk to EU/EEA countries and citizens associated with the ongoing outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil. This is the second update of a rapid risk assessment originally produced on 25 January 2017 and updated on 13 April 2017.
Joint Rapid Outbreak Assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Agona infections linked to infant formula
This document provides an assessment of the public health risk associated with a multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Agona associated with consumption of potentially contaminated infant formula from France.
Risk assessment for seasonal influenza, EU/EEA, 2017–2018
First detections indicated circulation of A(H3N2) and B/Yamagata viruses. As the former subtype dominated last season, a high proportion of the population should be protected. However, the emergence of variant strains cannot be excluded and this would increase the likelihood of severe outcomes in the elderly
Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections linked to Polish eggs
This document provides an assessment of the public health risk associated with a multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis, which is epidemiologically and microbiologically linked to contaminated eggs from Poland, and can be characterised by at least six MLVA profiles and four clusters defined by WGS (PHE SNP analysis).
Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes PCR serogroup IVb, MLST ST6
A multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes PCR serogroup IVb, MLST ST6 has been ongoing in the EU/EEA since at least 2015.