Rapid risk assessment: Meningitis outbreak, Suceava county, Romania, June 2012
An outbreak of aseptic meningitis associated to a kindergarten in Suceava city in northern Romania has been reported. A total of 62 cases of enterovirus have been reported identified in the city and wider district, 53 cases of which have led to aseptic meningitis. ECDC has prepared a rapid risk assessment on the outbreak
Risk assessment: Epidemiological situation of West Nile virus infection in the European Union - Update, 13 July 2012
On 7 and 10 July, the Hellenic Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (KEELPNO) reported the first two human cases of West Nile virus (WNV) infection in Greece this year. When looking at the epidemiology of WNV infection in Greece since 2010, one can observe a progressive geographical expansion of WNV transmission throughout the country. For this reason, these newly confirmed cases in Athens do not come unexpected.
Risk assessment: Swine-origin triple reassortant influenza A(H3N2) variant viruses in North America
Following recent increased reporting of human infections in the US with an influenza A(H3N2) variant virus of swine origin (A(H3N2)v), ECDC has updated its risk assessment. It concludes that the swine-origin influenza A(H3N2)v viruses do not currently pose a serious risk to human health in general and Europe in particular.
Rapid risk assessment: Risk related to the use of ‘do-it-yourself' CRISPR-associated gene engineering kit contaminated with pathogenic bacteria
On 24 March 2017, the German authorities reported the contamination of a ‘do-it-yourself’ bacterial gene engineering CRISPR kit produced in the US. This publication assesses the risk related to the use of ‘do-it-yourself’ CRISPR-associated gene engineering kit contaminated with pathogenic bacteria.
Rapid risk assessment: Hepatitis A outbreaks in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men, 2nd update, 19 May 2017
Second update of a previous assessment on the ongoing transmission of hepatitis A virus infection mainly affecting men who have sex with men in EU/EEA countries.
Rapid risk assessment: Increase of cholera cases in the Horn of Africa and the Gulf of Aden – risk for EU/EEA citizens, 23 May 2017
The production of this rapid risk assessment was triggered by a report by the Czech Republic of two travelassociated cases of cholera from Zanzibar (Tanzania) and the cholera epidemics in the Horn of Africa and the Gulf of Aden.
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2012/13 in Europe (EU/EEA countries)
ECDC has produced an annual risk assessment of the seasonal influenza epidemics in Europe since the 2010/11 season following the model developed by ECDC during the 2009 pandemic. It gives an early description of the influenza season in the countries affected earliest, providing guidance and information to countries that are affected later, as influenza progresses across Europe over several months. It describes any specifics of the season, particularly in areas where public health or clinical actions are envisaged, as well as highlights areas of uncertainty where further work is required.
Rapid Outbreak Assessment: Multi-country outbreak of new Salmonella enterica 11:z41:e,n,z15 infections associated with sesame seeds, 14 June 2017
An outbreak of a new serovar of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica affected 47 individuals in five European Union countries between March 2016 and May 2017.
Rapid risk assessment: Hepatitis A outbreak in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men, 3rd update, 28 June 2017
Third update of a previous assessment on the ongoing transmission of hepatitis A virus infection mainly affecting men who have sex with men in EU/EEA countries.