Disease factsheet about rubella
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.
Factsheet about measles
Measles is an acute illness caused by morbillivirus. The disease is transmitted via airborne respiratory droplets, or by direct contact with nasal and throat secretions of infected individuals.
Technical mission: HIV, STI and viral hepatitis in Bulgaria. 19-21 September 2016 and 14-15 November 2016
The Ministry of Health in Bulgaria invited ECDC to prepare an assessment of the current national HIV programme and to review the STI and Hepatitis surveillance system. Following discussions between ECDC and representatives of the Bulgarian national programme, it was decided to split the assessment into two separate country missions.
HIV and AIDS - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
In 2016, 29 444 people were newly diagnosed with HIV in the 31 countries of the EU/EEA, which equals a rate of 5.7 cases per 100 000 population
Rapid risk assessment: Review of the epidemiological situation of West Nile virus infection in the European Union
In the ongoing 2011 West Nile virus transmission season, cases have been reported from newly affected geographical areas
Epidemiological situation of tick-borne encephalitis in the European Union and European Free Trade Association countries
The report summarises existing information on the occurrence of TBE to obtain a better understanding of the current magnitude of TBE in the European Union (EU) and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Cyclovirus in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with central nervous system infection
This assessment is related to the publication of the identification of a new cyclovirus species, tentatively named cyclovirus-Vietnam (CyCV-VN), in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with acute central nervous system infection. However, there are insufficient data to assess the risk for disease occurrence in humans or potential of human-to-human transmission. Further studies should be encouraged in Europe and elsewhere to investigate the possible pathogenicity, epidemiology, and transmission patterns of cycloviruses.
Environmental risk mapping: Aedes albopictus in Europe. Proof-of-concept study for the European Environment and Epidemiology Network
This handbook uses maps produced through the non-linear discriminate analysis methodology and interprets them to show the potential for Ae. albopictus to spread further in Europe.
Strategies for disease-specific programmes 2010–2013
This document sets out the strategic priorities for all six ECDC disease-specific programmes from 2010 to 2013 based on a short description of the epidemiological background, context in which ECDC works on that specific disease or disease group, and defined gaps that require action at the European Union (EU) level.