Diphtheria - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
For 2017, 39 cases of diphtheria due to toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae or C. ulcerans were reported to ECDC. The highest proportion of C. ulcerans cases was among adults 45 years of age and above, whereas C. diphtheriae cases were more common in younger age groups. Among C. diphtheriae cases, 50% were reported as imported. High vaccination coverage is crucial to prevent diphtheria.
Congenital toxoplasmosis – Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
In 2016, 242 confirmed cases of congenital toxoplasmosis were reported in the EU/EEA, with France accounting for 81% of all confirmed cases due to the active screening of pregnant women. The notification rate was 6.7 cases per 100 000 live births. No seasonal pattern was observed for the disease.
Brucellosis – Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
In 2017, 381 confirmed brucellosis cases were reported in the EU/EEA. The notification rate in the EU/EEA was 0.09 cases per 100 000 population. The highest rates were reported in southern EU Member States (Greece, Italy and Portugal). The highest rate was observed in 25–44-year-old males (0.16 per 100 000). The notification rate was stable from 2013–2017 in the EU/EEA.
Hepatitis B - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
In 2017, 30 EU/EEA Member States reported 26 907 cases of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Excluding the five countries that only reported acute cases, the number of cases, 26 262, corresponds to a crude rate of 6.7 cases per 100 000 population.
Smallpox - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
Smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980. There were no reports of confirmed or possible smallpox in the EU/EEA or other countries for 2017.
Giardiasis (lambliasis) - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
In 2017, 19 437 confirmed giardiasis cases were reported in the EU/EEA.
Lassa fever - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
For 2017, no cases of Lassa fever or other infections by arenaviruses responsible for viral haemorrhagic fevers were reported in the EU/EEA.
West Nile virus infection - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
For 2017, eight EU/EEA Member States reported 208 West Nile virus (WNV) infections, of which 201 (97%) were locally acquired.
Yellow fever - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
For 2017, EU/EEA countries reported one case of yellow fever. The travel-related case was reported by the Netherlands with exposure in Suriname.
Invasive pneumococcal disease - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
In 2017, 23 886 confirmed cases of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) were reported in the EU/EEA.