Facts about botulism
Botulism is a serious paralytic illness caused by a nerve toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
Facts about cryptosporidiosis
Cryptosporidia are intestinal parasites infecting a variety of animals (e.g. cattle, sheep, rodents, cats and dogs, but also birds, fish and reptiles). Human infections occur due to Cryptosporidium parvum, a species that also affects domestic animals.
Facts about Escherichia coli
Escherichia coli (E.coli) are very common bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, and part of the normal bacterial flora.
Factsheet about hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is an acute infectious disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus, a small, non-enveloped hepatotropic virus classified in the genus Hepatovirus within the family Picornaviridae.
Facts about hepatitis E
Hepatitis E is an acute or chronic infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV). In Europe, most of the infections are locally-acquired and asymptomatic.
Facts about Legionnaires' disease
Legionnaires’ disease is a multisystem disease which causes pneumonia due to gram-negative bacteria (Legionella spp.) found in freshwater environments around the world. Humans are infected by inhalation of aerosols containing Legionella.
Facts about norovirus
Norovirus cause gastrointestinal illness to humans. Norovirus infection can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, and stomach pain. Less common symptoms are low fever, chills and headache.
Factsheet about shigellosis
Shigellosis is caused by Shigella bacteria, which includes several species pathogenic to man, with humans as the main reservoir.
Tularaemia is a zoonosis (infection that could transmit from animals to humans), A range of wild and domestic animals such as hares or rodents may function as the reservoir for tularaemia, as well as ticks.
Facts about variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) is a relatively new and rare neurological disease, classified as a Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE).