Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
The 2018 report of the Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: shaping the health of nations for centuries to come
Watts, N., Amann, M., Arnell, N., Ayeb-Karlsson, S., Belesova, K., Berry, H., Bouley, T., Boykoff, M., Byass, P., Cai, W., Campbell-Lendrum, D., Chambers, J., Daly, M., Dasandi, N., Davies, M., Depoux, A., Dominguez-Salas, P., Drummond, P., Ebi, K.L., Ekins, P., Montoya, L.F., Fischer, H., Georgeson, L., Grace, D., Graham, H., Hamilton, I., Hartinger, S., Hess, J., Kelman, I., Kiesewetter, G., Kjellstrom, T., Kniveton, D., Lemke, B., Liang, L., Lott, M., Lowe, R., Sewe, M.O., Martinez-Urtaza, J., Maslin, M., McAllister, L., Mikhaylov, S.J., Milner, J., Moradi-Lakeh, M., Morrissey, K., Murray, K., Nilsson, M., Neville, T., Oreszczyn, T., Owfi, F., Pearman, O., Pencheon, D., Pye, S., Rabbaniha, M., Robinson, E., Rocklöv, J., Saxer, O., Schütte, S., Semenza, J.C., Shumake-Guillemot, J., Steinbach, R., Tabatabaei, M., Tomei, J., Trinanes, J., Wheeler, N., Wilkinson, P., Gong, P., Montgomery, H., Costello, A.
Field sampling methods for mosquitoes, sandflies, biting midges and ticks
This report of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) was produced by the VectorNet project (European network for sharing data on the geographic distribution of arthropod vectors transmitting human and animal disease agents).
Rapid risk assessment: Acute encephalitis associated with infection with Borna disease virus 1, Germany
Borna disease virus 1 (BoDV-1) has been associated with human disease in four cases in Germany resulting in the death of three people. As three of the cases belong to a cluster of solid organ recipients from a single donor, donor-derived BoDV-1 transmission is possible. There is no evidence that the donor had any clinical manifestation of the disease.
Vector control with a focus on Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes - Literature review and analysis
The main research question that this literature review aims to answer is: what are the currently recommended vector control measures in Europe against Ae des aegypti and Ae des albopictus (keeping in mind that a combination of methods would certainly be required)?
Estimating the annual burden of tick-borne encephalitis to inform vaccination policy, Slovenia, 2009 to 2013
Fafangel, M., Cassini, A., Colzani, E., Klavs, I., Grgič Vitek, M., Učakar, V., Muehlen, M., Vudrag, M., Kraigher, A.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of Rift Valley fever in Niger, 10 October 2016
This rapid risk assessment monitors the threat posed by Rift Valley fever (RVF) which has been reported in regions of eastern and southern Africa, and in most of the sub-Saharan and West African countries.
Rapid risk assessment: Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever in Spain, 9 September 2016
On 31 August 2016 the autonomous Community of Madrid, Spain, reported two cases of infection with Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus. This document assesses the risk associated with the occurrence of two cases of Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever in Spain.
Risk of importation and spread of malaria and other vector-borne diseases associated with the arrival of migrants to the EU, 22 October 2015
This rapid risk assessment assesses the specific risk related to importation and spread of vector borne diseases in the context of a large number of migrants to the EU. It does not cover other health needs for these populations.
Meeting Report: EVD Network and Coordination Group annual meeting
The first meeting of ECDC’s Programme on Emerging and Vector-Borne Diseases (EVDs) was an important milestone for establishing a dedicated network of representatives from EU/EEA Member States to cooperate in the field of emerging and vector-borne diseases.