Communicable disease threats report, Week 31, 26 July - 1 August 2015
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 26 July - 1 August 2015, and includes updates on anthrax, cutaneous diphtheria, louse-born relapsing fever, West Nile fever, measles, rubella and Ebola virus.
Rapid risk assessment: Louse-borne relapsing fever in the Netherlands, 27 July 2015
Following reports from the Netherlands of two cases of louse-borne relapsing fever in asylum seekers coming from Eritrea, ECDC has assessed the risk to Europe.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Louse-borne relapsing fever in the EU, 19 November 2015
This rapid risk assessment assesses the public health significance of reported cases of louse-borne relapsing fever in the EU.
Facts about Bartonella quintana infection (‘trench fever’)
Bartonella quintana infection (historically called ‘trench fever’) is a vector-borne disease primarily transmitted by the human body louse. It has been recognised as a reemerging pathogen among impoverished and homeless populations — so-called ‘urban trench fever’.
Facts about epidemic louse-borne typhus
Louse-borne typhus is responsible for large epidemics in populations with poor sanitary and overcrowded conditions. The disease can be severe with a mortality of up to 60% without antibiotic treatment.