Rapid Risk Assessment: Cyclone Idai - risk of communicable diseases in southern Africa
Surveillance of infectious diseases in the aftermath of a cyclone is important for the early detection and confirmation of outbreaks. Consideration should be given to setting up a syndromic surveillance alert system if there is a need to reinforce surveillance capacity. Laboratory capacity should be assessed for confirming outbreaks of infectious diseases; if required, a referral mechanism can be established for testing samples of epidemic-prone diseases.
Rapid risk assessment: Rift Valley fever outbreak in Mayotte, France
This rapid risk assessment (RRA) addresses the risk of importation of Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus (RVFV) and further spread of the virus within the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) in relation to the recent increase in cases reported on Mayotte, France.
Rapid risk assessment: Early large increase in West Nile virus infections reported in the EU/EEA and EU neighbouring countries
This rapid risk assessment addresses the public health risk associated with the early occurrence of a large number of West Nile virus infections in the EU/EEA and EU neighbouring countries in 2018.
Rapid outbreak assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Agona infections possibly linked to ready-to-eat food
A multi-country outbreak of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Agona (S. Agona) is under investigation in the European Union (EU), with cases retrospectively identified back to 2014.
Rapid Outbreak Assessment: Multi-country outbreak of new Salmonella enterica 11:z41:e,n,z15 infections associated with sesame seeds, 14 June 2017
An outbreak of a new serovar of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica affected 47 individuals in five European Union countries between March 2016 and May 2017.
Rapid risk assessment update: Hepatitis A outbreaks in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men - 1st update, 24 February 2017
This rapid risk assessment is an update of a previous assessment on the ongoing transmission of hepatitis A virus infection mainly affecting men who have sex with men in EU/EEA countries.
Rapid risk assessment: circulation of drifted influenza A(H3N2) viruses in the EU/EEA, 22 December 2014
Surveillance data gathered since 1 October 2014 indicate that in the first ten weeks of the 2014–15 influenza season, viruses in EU/EEA countries have been predominantly A(H3N2) rather than A(H1N1)pdm09 and type B viruses.
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2011–2012 in Europe (EU/EEA countries)
ECDC produces an annual risk assessment for the seasonal influenza epidemics in Europe. This is following both a recommendation in the report on the handling of the 2009 pandemic adopted by the World Health Assembly in May 2011 and the model developed by ECDC during that pandemic. The first EU seasonal influenza risk assessment was published in January 2011, following the start of the influenza season in late November 2010. In 2012, the season started later than in most years, with the first five countries exceeding their epidemic threshold in week 3/2012.
Rapid risk assessment: Review of the epidemiological situation of West Nile virus infection in the European Union
In the ongoing 2011 West Nile virus transmission season, cases have been reported from newly affected geographical areas
ECDC Forward look risk assessment (Update 28 October 2010): Likely scenarios and uncertainties in the 2010/2011 influenza season in Europe and beyond
Likely scenarios and uncertainties in the 2010/2011 influenza season in Europe and beyond.