Communicable disease threats report, 29 July-4 August 2018, week 31
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 29 July-4 August 2018 and includes updates on poliomyelitis, dengue, Vibrio growth in the Baltic Sea, West Nile virus, Enterovirus detections and Ebola virus disease.
Rapid risk assessment: Enterovirus 68 detected in the USA, Canada and Europe – Second update, 25 November 2014
In November, France and the United Kingdom both reported sporadic cases of neurological disease involving enterovirus 68 (EV-D68) detection. As a result, ECDC has updated its rapid risk assessment on EV-D68, first triggered by reports from North America. To date, European acute flaccid paralysis (AFP)/enhanced enterovirus surveillance has not detected unusual clusters or unexpected trends.
Surveillance and laboratory detection for non-polio enteroviruses in the European Union/European Economic Area, 2016
Harvala, H., Jasir, A., Penttinen, P., Celentano, L.P., Greco, D., Broberg, E.
Recommendations for enterovirus diagnostics and characterisation within and beyond Europe
Harvala, H., Broberg, E., Benschop, K., Berginc, N., Ladhani, S., Susi, P., Christiansen, C., McKenna, J., Allen, D., Makiello, P., McAllister, G., Carmen, M., Zakikhany, K., Dyrdak, R., Nielsen, X., Madsen, T., Paul, J., Moore, C., von Eije, K., Piralla, A., Carlier, M., Vanoverschelde, L., Poelman, R., Anton, A., López-Labrador, F.X., Pellegrinelli, L., Keeren, K., Maier, M., Cassidy, H., Derdas, S., Savolainen-Kopra, C., Diedrich, S., Nordbø, S., Buesa, J., Bailly, J.-L., Baldanti, F., MacAdam, A., Mirand, A., Dudman, S., Schuffenecker, I., Kadambari, S., Neyts, J., Griffiths, M.J., Richter, J., Margaretto, C., Govind, S., Morley, U., Adams, O., Krokstad, S., Dean, J., Pons-Salort, M., Prochazka, B., Cabrerizo, M., Majumdar, M., Nebbia, G., Wiewel, M., Cottrell, S., Coyle, P., Martin, J., Moore, C., Midgley, S., Horby, P., Wolthers, K., Simmonds, P., Niesters, H., Fischer, T.K.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Enterovirus 68 detections in the USA and Canada
The EU/EEA countries have a moderate risk of transmission of the Enterovirus D-68 (EV-D68), although no increase of acute respiratory infections or hospital admissions has been reported so far this year, according to a new risk assessment published today by ECDC. The report also indicates that the likelihood for cases to be detected in EU/EEA is low because most countries do not routinely screen for EV-D68, and the disease is not notifiable.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Enterovirus detections associated with severe neurological symptoms in children and adults in European countries, 8 August 2016
Since April 2016, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom (Wales) have reported severe enterovirus infections associated with a variety of different strains. This rapid risk assessment considers the risk for EU/EEA countries related to severe enterovirus infections.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Enterovirus 68 detected in the USA and Canada - 1st update, 15 October 2014
Since mid-August 2014 local health authorities in the USA have notified the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of 691 laboratory-confirmed enterovirus 68 (EV-D68) infections.
Communicable disease threats report, 5-11 June 2016, week 23
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 5-11 June 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, an outbreak of enterovirus and yellow fever.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreak of enterovirus A71 with severe neurological symptoms among children in Catalonia, Spain, 16 June 2016
ECDC has published a rapid risk assessment due to a localised outbreak of neurological symptoms associated with enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) in Catalonia, Spain.
Most EV infections, including EV-A71, result in asymptomatic infection. Most symptomatic EV-A71 infections manifest as a self-limiting hand, foot and mouth disease and only a very small proportion of patients develop severe and life-threatening disease. The current outbreak is notable in terms of its magnitude and the severity of symptoms of the reported cases.
Rapid risk assessment: Meningitis outbreak, Suceava county, Romania, June 2012
An outbreak of aseptic meningitis associated to a kindergarten in Suceava city in northern Romania has been reported. A total of 62 cases of enterovirus have been reported identified in the city and wider district, 53 cases of which have led to aseptic meningitis. ECDC has prepared a rapid risk assessment on the outbreak