Risk assessment: Situation in northern Africa/Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the influx of migrants* to Europe
ECDC, after conducting rapid risk assessments, has concluded that the risk of importation of infectious diseases from North Africa to the EU is considered to be low. From a public health perspective, the most urgent concern is related to the poor living conditions of the migrants, such as overcrowding and poor sanitation.
Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 September 2018, week 37
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 9-15 September 2018 and includes updates on measles, rubella, West Nile virus, Ebola virus disease, cholera, monkeypox and Legionnaires' disease.
A cluster of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis among patients arriving in Europe from the Horn of Africa: a molecular epidemiological study
Walker, T.M., Merker, M., Knoblauch, A.M., Helbling, P., Schoch, O.D., van der Werf, M.J., Kranzer, K., Fiebig, L., Kröger, S., Haas, W., Hoffmann, H., Indra, A., Egli, A., Cirillo, D.M., Robert, J., Rogers, T.R., Groenheit, R., Mengshoel, A.T., Mathys, V., Haanperä, M., Soolingen, D.V., Niemann, S., Böttger, E.C., Keller, P.M., Avsar, K., Bauer, C., Bernasconi, E., Borroni, E., Brusin, S., Coscollá Dévis, M., Crook, D.W., Dedicoat, M., Fitzgibbon, M., Gagneux, S., Geiger, F., Guthmann, J.-P., Hendrickx, D., Hoffmann-Thiel, S., van Ingen, J., Jackson, S., Jaton, K., Lange, C., Mazza Stalder, J., O'Donnell, J., Opota, O., Peto, T.E.A., Preiswerk, B., Roycroft, E., Sato, M., Schacher, R., Schulthess, B., Smith, E.G., Soini, H., Sougakoff, W., Tagliani, E., Utpatel, C., Veziris, N., Wagner-Wiening, C., Witschi, M.
Communicable disease threats report, 26 August-1 September 2018, week 35
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 26 August-1 September 2018, and includes updates on Vibrio growth in the Baltic Sea, West Nile virus, Ebola virus disease, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and cholera in Algeria..
Rapid risk assessment: Cholera outbreak in Algeria, 2018
As of 30 August 2018, Algeria has reported 74 confirmed cholera cases from six northern and coastal areas of the country. This is the first cholera outbreak reported in Algeria in more than 20 years.
Multinational outbreak of travel-related Salmonella Chester infections in Europe, summers 2014 and 2015
Fonteneau, L., Da Silva, N.J., Fabre, L., Ashton, P., Torpdahl, M., Müller, L., Bouchrif, B., El Boulani, A., Valkanou, E., Mattheus, W., Friesema, I., Herrera Leon, S., Varela Martínez, C., Mossong, J., Severi, E., Grant, K., Weill, F., Gossner, C.M., Bertrand, S., Dallman, T., Le Hello, S.
Cross-border outbreak of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis linked to a university in Romania
Popovici, O., Monk, P., Chemtob, D., Chiotan, D., Freidlin, P.J., Groenheit, R., Haanperä, M., Homorodean, D., Mansjö, M., Robinson, E., Rorman, E., Smith, G., Soini, H., Van Der Werf, M.J.
Rapid risk assessment: A(H5N1) Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Egypt – Implications for human health in Europe
Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) infections are continuing to occur in poultry and humans in Egypt. However there is no evidence of a significant change in the pattern of human illness and deaths related to A(H5N1) virus infections in the country. Certainly there are no epidemiological data or analyses consistent with adaptation of these viruses to humans.
Risk assessment: Wild-type poliovirus 1 transmission in Israel – what is the risk to Europe?
The EU/EEA countries and the rest of the WHO European Region, have been officially polio-free since 2002. However, wild-type polio virus 1 (WPV1) has been isolated in sewage and in the faeces of asymptomatic carriers in Israel since February 2013. In this risk assessment ECDC looks at the potential impact of this public health event on the risk of poliovirus being imported and re-established into circulation in EU/EEA.