ECDC Fellowship Programme Manual - Cohort 2020
This manual provides a detailed overview of the ECDC Fellowship Programme’s intended learning outcomes, training activities (modules, field and international assignments), supervision and coordination of the training course. The intended audiences of the manual are the applicants and fellows of Cohort 2020, training site supervisors, and the Scientific Coordinators.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
Communicable disease threats to public health in the European Union - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018
This report covers the events and threats detected by the ECDC epidemic intelligence (EI) team in 2018 and the actions taken related to these findings.
Tetanus - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
In 2017, 82 cases of tetanus, including 46 confirmed cases, were reported in the EU/EEA. Adults aged 65 years and above were the most affected age group, with females accounting for the majority of the cases. Cases tended to occur more frequently in the warmer months, which are associated with higher levels of outdoor activity. The current epidemiology of tetanus in the EU/EEA may be explained by lower vaccination coverage or waning immunity in older populations. Due to the severity of tetanus, there is a need to maintain high vaccination rates in all age groups and continue implementing/developing strategies to protect specific groups, particularly the elderly, in countries with higher rates of disease.
Diphtheria - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
For 2017, 39 cases of diphtheria due to toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae or C. ulcerans were reported to ECDC. The highest proportion of C. ulcerans cases was among adults 45 years of age and above, whereas C. diphtheriae cases were more common in younger age groups. Among C. diphtheriae cases, 50% were reported as imported. High vaccination coverage is crucial to prevent diphtheria.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Cyclone Idai - risk of communicable diseases in southern Africa
Surveillance of infectious diseases in the aftermath of a cyclone is important for the early detection and confirmation of outbreaks. Consideration should be given to setting up a syndromic surveillance alert system if there is a need to reinforce surveillance capacity. Laboratory capacity should be assessed for confirming outbreaks of infectious diseases; if required, a referral mechanism can be established for testing samples of epidemic-prone diseases.
Toolkit - Application to calculate DALYs
The Burden of Communicable Disease in Europe (BCoDE) toolkit is a stand-alone software application which allows calculation of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for a selection of 117 communicable diseases and six healthcare-associated infections.
Operational tool on rapid risk assessment methodology - ECDC 2019
Rapid risk assessments (RRA) are undertaken in the initial stages of an event or incident of potential public health concern while more comprehensive risk assessments, which often include the conduct of full systematic reviews, are produced at a later stage of an event, usually when more time and information are available.